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We examine the impact of community context on households’ use of fuels other than wood for cooking. Our theoretical framework emphasizes the importance of local community contextual characteristics as determinants of the transition from use of fuelwood to use of alternative fuels. We use longitudinal multilevel data on household fuel choice and community context from the Nepalese Himalayas to provide empirical estimates of our theoretical model. The results of this empirical investigation reveal that increased exposure to nonfamily organizations in the local community increases the use of alternative fuels. These findings should motivate greater incorporation of social changes and sociological ideas into research on environmental consumption.