Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Edin and Shaefer's book a call to action for Americans to deal with poverty

Weir says pain may underlie rise in suicide and substance-related deaths among white middle-aged Americans

Weitzman says China's one-child policy has had devastating effects on first-born daughters


MCubed opens for new round of seed funding, November 4-18

PSC News, fall 2015 now available

Barbara Anderson appointed chair of Census Scientific Advisory Committee

John Knodel honored by Thailand's Chulalongkorn University

Next Brown Bag

Monday, Dec 7 at noon, 6050 ISR-Thompson
Daniel Eisenberg, "Healthy Minds Network: Mental Health among College-Age Populations"

Reynolds Farley photo

Blacks, Hispanics and White Ethnic Groups: Are Blacks Uniquely Disadvantaged?

Publication Abstract

Farley, Reynolds. 1990. "Blacks, Hispanics and White Ethnic Groups: Are Blacks Uniquely Disadvantaged?" The American Economic Review, 80(2): 237-41.

In A Common Destiny, a study of the status of black Americans, the National Academy of Science stated that despite substantial progress, American blacks remained far behind whites on social and economic indicators. This paper attempts to determine whether this is an oversimplification by comparing the progress of blacks with that of Hispanics, other racial minorities and white ethnic groups using data from the 1980 Census. After examining the characteristics of 50 racial-ethnic groups, the author concludes that the Academy's statement would have been no different had they considered an array of racial and ethnic groups. He finds that in 1980 Vietnamese and Puerto Ricans were more impoverished than blacks and, in terms of per capita income, Mexicans and American Natives were similar to blacks. There was considerable variation in the status of the 37 white ethnic groups and Eastern European groups had exceptionally high incomes. However, all of the white ethnic groups were more prosperous than blacks. The only white group whose educational attainment or occupational status approximated that of blacks were people who identified themselves as white by race but American Indian by ancestry. When the analysis focused on earnings of native born men, blacks were the most disadvantaged with earnings below those of Native Americans, Mexicans, and Puerto Ricans. Blacks and men from these three groups had characteristics associated with low earnings. In addition, blacks, other racial minorities (including Asians), and Hispanic groups had rates of return that were lower than those of white ethnic groups.

Browse | Search : All Pubs | Next