Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Burgard and Seelye find job insecurity linked to psychological distress among workers in later years

Former PSC trainee Jay Borchert parlays past incarceration and doctoral degree into pursuing better treatment of inmates

Inglehart says shaky job market for millennials has contributed to their disaffection

More News

Highlights

Savolainen wins Outstanding Contribution Award for study of how employment affects recidivism among past criminal offenders

Giving Blueday at ISR focuses on investing in the next generation of social scientists

Pfeffer and Schoeni cover the economic and social dimensions of wealth inequality in this special issue

PRB Policy Communication Training Program for PhD students in demography, reproductive health, population health

More Highlights

Next Brown Bag

Mon, Jan 23, 2017 at noon:
H. Luke Shaefer

Narayan Sastry photo

Changes in Diarrheal Disease and Treatment among Brazilian Children, 1986 to 1996

Publication Abstract

Download PDF versionSastry, Narayan, and Sarah Burgard. 2008. "Changes in Diarrheal Disease and Treatment among Brazilian Children, 1986 to 1996." PSC Research Report No. 08-645. June 2008.

We examined changes in diarrhea prevalence and treatment in Brazil between 1986 and 1996. Over this ten-year period there was a small decline in diarrhea prevalence but treatment with oral rehydration therapy (ORT) increased greatly. The decline in diarrhea prevalence was largely due to changes in the effects of several key covariates, such as breastfeeding, with only a modest role played by socioeconomic change, infrastructure improvements, and other behavioral factors. ORT treatment of diarrhea was essentially unrelated to child and family characteristics, suggesting that the large increase was due to the success of public health efforts to promote its use widely. Our results suggest that the most effective policies for reducing diarrhea prevalence are likely to be further increases in education and the promotion of breastfeeding. Persistent disparities in diarrhea prevalence mean that policies to prevent the disease should be targeted at disadvantaged socioeconomic groups and the Northeast region.

Country of focus: Brazil.

Browse | Search : All Pubs | Next