Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Krause says having religious friends leads to gratitude, which is associated with better health

Work by Bailey and Dynarski on growing income gap in graduation rates cited in NYT

Johnston says marijuana use by college students highest in 30 years


Martha Bailey and Nicolas Duquette win Cole Prize for article on War on Poverty

Michigan's graduate sociology program tied for 4th with Stanford in USN&WR rankings

Jeff Morenoff makes Reuters' Highly Cited Researchers list for 2014

Susan Murphy named Distinguished University Professor

Next Brown Bag

Monday, Sep 22
Paula Fomby (Michigan), Family Complexity, Siblings, and Children's Aggressive Behavior at School Entry

Influenza and pneumococcal vaccination demand responses to changes in infectious disease mortality

Publication Abstract

Li, Y.C., Edward Norton, and W.H. Dow. 2004. "Influenza and pneumococcal vaccination demand responses to changes in infectious disease mortality." Health Services Research, 39(4): 905-925.

Objective. To test the hypothesis that individuals are more likely to receive a vaccination against influenza or pneumonia as the perceived disease threat increases. Data Sources. This study uses two different national datasets. Individual-level information about the vaccination rates of 38,768 elderly persons are from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 1993-1998. Information on the combined influenza and pneumonia state mortality rates are measured from the Compressed Mortality File. Study Design. Using both cross-sectional and state fixed-effects panel data estimators, we model an individual's probability of having an influenza or pneumococcal vaccination as a function of the lagged state mortality rate. Multiyear lags are specified in order to estimate the duration of the effect of disease mortality on individual vaccination behavior. Principal Findings. Results support our hypothesis that influenza vaccination behavior responds positively to disease mortality, even after a one-year lag. We further find that cross-sectional estimators used in previous work yield downward-biased estimates, although even for our preferred panel data models, the estimated effects are small. Conclusions. The findings indicate that behavioral demand responses can help to limit infectious disease epidemics, and suggest further research on how public awareness campaigns can mediate this disease threat responsiveness behavior.

Browse | Search : All Pubs | Next