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Surprising findings on what influences unintended pregnancy from Wise, Geronimus and Smock

Recommendations on how to reduce discrimination resulting from ban-the-box policies cite Starr's work

Brian Jacob on NAEP scores: "Michigan is the only state in the country where proficiency rates have actually declined over time."

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Call for papers: Conference on computational social science, April 2017, U-M

Sioban Harlow honored with 2017 Sarah Goddard Power Award for commitment to women's health

Post-doc fellowship in computational social science for summer or fall 2017, U-Penn

ICPSR Summer Program scholarships to support training in statistics, quantitative methods, research design, and data analysis

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Mon, March 13, 2017, noon:
Rachel Best

The emotional toll of spousal morbidity and mortality

Archived Abstract of Former PSC Researcher

Zivin, Kara, and N.A. Christakis. 2007. "The emotional toll of spousal morbidity and mortality." American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 15(9): 772-779.

Objective: Spouse caregivers have an increased risk of mental and physical illness during caregiving and widowhood. The authors sought to evaluate whether partners of an ill spouse have a higher likelihood of developing mental health or substance abuse ( MHSA) disorders than partners who have healthy spouses, accounting for both spousal illness and death. Methods: The authors used Medicare claims from 1993-2001 for 474,228 married couples. The authors used Cox models to determine the effect of spouse illness on partner MHSA diagnosis, controlling for demographic and clinical characteristics. Results: A wife's hospitalization increased the husband's risk of MHSA diagnosis by 1.29 ( 95% confidence interval [ CI]: 1.28-1.29) and his risk of depression by 1.49 ( 95% CI: 1.48-1.51). A husband's hospitalization increased the risk of a wife's MHSA diagnosis by 1.33 ( 95% CI: 1.32-1.33) and her risk of depression by 1.41 ( 95% CI: 1.39-1.42). A wife's death increased the risk of the husband's MHSA diagnosis by 1.12 ( 95% CI: 1.11-1.13) and increased his risk of depression by 1.49 ( 95% CI: 1.46-1.51). A husband's death increased the risk of the wife's MHSA diagnosis by 1.14 ( 95% CI: 1.14-1.15) and increased her risk of depression by 1.41 ( 95% CI: 1.39-1.42). Conclusion: Spouse hospitalizations and spouse death independently increase the risk for partner MHSA and depression diagnoses. These findings can identify which individuals are at greatest risk for emotional distress and should be targeted for interventions to relieve caregiver burden that can arise separately and additively from both spousal illness and death.

DOI:10.1097/JGP.0b013e318050c9ae (Full Text)

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