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Mendel, P., L.S. Meredith, Michael Schoenbaum, C.D. Sherbourne, and K.B. Wells. 2008. "Interventions in organizational and community context: A framework for building evidence on dissemination and implementation in health services research." Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 35(1-2): 21-37.
The effective dissemination and implementation of evidence-based health interventions within community settings is an important cornerstone to expanding the availability of quality health and mental health services. Yet it has proven a challenging task for both research and community stakeholders. This paper presents the current framework developed by the UCLA/RAND NIMH Center to address this research-to-practice gap by: (1) providing a theoretically-grounded understanding of the multi-layered nature of community and healthcare contexts and the mechanisms by which new practices and programs diffuse within these settings; (2) distinguishing among key components of the diffusion process-including contextual factors, adoption, implementation, and sustainment of interventions-showing how evaluation of each is necessary to explain the course of dissemination and outcomes for individual and organizational stakeholders; (3) facilitating the identification of new strategies for adapting, disseminating, and implementing relatively complex, evidence-based healthcare and improvement interventions, particularly using a community-based, participatory approach; and (4) enhancing the ability to meaningfully generalize findings across varied interventions and settings to build an evidence base on successful dissemination and implementation strategies.