Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Sastry's 10-year study of New Orleans Katrina evacuees shows demographic differences between returning and nonreturning

Stafford says less educated, smaller investors more likely to sell off stock and lock in losses during market downturn

Chen says job fit, job happiness can be achieved over time

Highlights

Deirdre Bloome wins ASA award for work on racial inequality and intergenerational transmission

Bob Willis awarded 2015 Jacob Mincer Award for Lifetime Contributions to the Field of Labor Economics

David Lam is new director of Institute for Social Research

Elizabeth Bruch wins Robert Merton Prize for paper in analytic sociology

Next Brown Bag

Monday, Oct 12
Joe Grengs, Policy & Planning for Social Equity in Transportation

Socioeconomic and Race/Ethnic Patterns in Persistent Infection Burden Among US Adults

Archived Abstract of Former PSC Researcher

Zajacova, Anna, J.B. Dowd, and A.E. Aiello. 2009. "Socioeconomic and Race/Ethnic Patterns in Persistent Infection Burden Among US Adults." Journals of Gerontology Series a-Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 64(2): 272-279.

Background. The pathophysiological mechanisms that underlie health disparities by socioeconomic status and race/ ethnicity are poorly understood. Promising new research suggests that the burden of persistent infection may influence adult disease risk and mortality. This article examines how multiple persistent infections cluster within individuals and how this clustering varies by socioeconomic position and race/ ethnicity in U. S. adults. Methods. We analyze data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III ( N = 19,275) for adults aged 17-90 years. The clustering of infections within individuals is studied using tetrachoric correlations. Multiple indicator multiple cause models are used to analyze the infection burden construct as measured by seropositivity to Helicobacter pylori, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus-1, and hepatitis B, focusing on the burden's distribution by socioeconomic position and race/ethnicity. The results are corroborated using ordered logistic regression for a commonly used count index of individual infections. Results. Seroprevalence of individual persistent infections is positively correlated, suggesting common factors related to exposure or susceptibility. Education, income, and race/ ethnicity are strong and significant independent predictors of infection burden in U. S. adults in all models. Conclusion. The disproportionate burden of persistent infections among disadvantaged groups across all ages may be one biologic pathway by which low socioeconomic position is related to increased rates of morbidity and mortality in the United States.

PMCID: PMC2655034. (Pub Med Central)

Licensed Access Link

Country of focus: United States of America.

Browse | Search : All Pubs | Next