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Sastry's 10-year study of New Orleans Katrina evacuees shows demographic differences between returning and nonreturning

Stafford says less educated, smaller investors more likely to sell off stock and lock in losses during market downturn

Chen says job fit, job happiness can be achieved over time

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Deirdre Bloome wins ASA award for work on racial inequality and intergenerational transmission

Bob Willis awarded 2015 Jacob Mincer Award for Lifetime Contributions to the Field of Labor Economics

David Lam is new director of Institute for Social Research

Elizabeth Bruch wins Robert Merton Prize for paper in analytic sociology

Next Brown Bag

Monday, Oct 12
Joe Grengs, Policy & Planning for Social Equity in Transportation

Arline T. Geronimus photo

Age Patterns of Smoking in US Black and White Women of Childbearing Age

Publication Abstract

Geronimus, Arline T., Lisa Neidert, and John Bound. 1993. "Age Patterns of Smoking in US Black and White Women of Childbearing Age." American Journal of Public Health, 83(9): 1258-64.

The purpose of this study was to describe age patterns of smoking among Black and White women of reproductive age, with cohort membership controlled for. Data from the 1987 National Health Interview Survey Cancer Supplement, weighted to be nationally rep resentative, were used to calculate the fractions of women who were ever smokers, quitters, and current smokers by age and race. Summary distribution of age patterns of smoking behaviors by race were estimated; proportional hazard models were used to avoid confounding of age of cohort. Results showed that White women begin smoking at younger ages than do Blacks but are more likely to quit and to do so at young ages. Rates of current smoking converge between Blacks and Whites by age 25, and may cross o ver by 30. Education-standardized results show larger Black-White differentials in ever smoking and smaller differences in quitting. These findings confirm that women's age patterns of smoking vary by race. Age x race interactions should be considered in smoking research and anti-tobacco interventions. For Black women, delayed initiation and failure to quit call for increased emphasis on interventions tailored to adults. These findings have possible implications for understanding Black-White differen ces in low birthweight, child health, and women's health.

PMCID: PMC1694982. (Pub Med Central)

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