Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Lam looks at population and development in next 15 years in UN commission keynote address

Mitchell et al. find harsh family environments may magnify disadvantage via impact on 'genetic architecture'

Frey says Arizona's political paradoxes explained in part by demography

Highlights

Raghunathan appointed director of Survey Research Center

PSC newsletter spring 2014 issue now available

Kusunoki wins faculty seed grant award from Institute for Research on Women and Gender

2014 PAA Annual Meeting, May 1-3, Boston

Next Brown Bag

Monday, April 21
Grant Miller: Managerial Incentives in Public Service Delivery

Trends in Educational Gender Inequality in China: 1949-1985

Publication Abstract

Hannum, Emily, and Yu Xie. 1994. "Trends in Educational Gender Inequality in China: 1949-1985." Social Stratification and Mobility, 13: 73-98.

Since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the Chinese government's goals of equality and development have proven difficult to reconcile, resulting in periods distinguishable by varying combinations of government concerns with economic development and social equality. A primary objective of this paper is to establish the link between educational gender inequality and political climate by examining the extent to which shifts between egalitarianism and economic growth as primary governmental concerns have affected women's relative educational position in China. Specifically, with aggregate data from the 10 percent sampling tabulations of the 1990 China Census and unit-record data from the 1985 China In-Depth Fertility Surveys in Hebei, Shaanxi, and Shanghai, the researchers apply spline-smoothing regressions to model the trends in gender differences in transitions to elementary and junior high schools. It is found that periods with a strong emphasis on equality are indeed characterized by sharp decreases in gender stratification, while periods with a focus on economic development are characterized by increases or slow decreases in gender stratification. There is little evidence for an alternative explanation that the sharp declines in gender stratifications have resulted from parallel declines in fertility.

Browse | Search : All Pubs | Next