Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Singh discusses her research in India on infertility

Johnston concerned declines in teen smoking threatened by e-cigarettes

Frey discusses book Diversity Explosion

Highlights

Apply for 2-year NICHD Postdoctoral Fellowships that begin September 2015

PSC Fall 2014 Newsletter now available

Martha Bailey and Nicolas Duquette win Cole Prize for article on War on Poverty

Michigan's graduate sociology program tied for 4th with Stanford in USN&WR rankings

Next Brown Bag

Monday, Jan 12
Filiz Garip, Changing Dynamics of Mexico-U.S. Migration

Trends in Educational Gender Inequality in China: 1949-1985

Publication Abstract

Hannum, Emily, and Yu Xie. 1994. "Trends in Educational Gender Inequality in China: 1949-1985." Social Stratification and Mobility, 13: 73-98.

Since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the Chinese government's goals of equality and development have proven difficult to reconcile, resulting in periods distinguishable by varying combinations of government concerns with economic development and social equality. A primary objective of this paper is to establish the link between educational gender inequality and political climate by examining the extent to which shifts between egalitarianism and economic growth as primary governmental concerns have affected women's relative educational position in China. Specifically, with aggregate data from the 10 percent sampling tabulations of the 1990 China Census and unit-record data from the 1985 China In-Depth Fertility Surveys in Hebei, Shaanxi, and Shanghai, the researchers apply spline-smoothing regressions to model the trends in gender differences in transitions to elementary and junior high schools. It is found that periods with a strong emphasis on equality are indeed characterized by sharp decreases in gender stratification, while periods with a focus on economic development are characterized by increases or slow decreases in gender stratification. There is little evidence for an alternative explanation that the sharp declines in gender stratifications have resulted from parallel declines in fertility.

Browse | Search : All Pubs | Next