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Mon, Feb 13, 2017, noon:
Daniel Almirall, "Getting SMART about adaptive interventions"

Two-Year Effects of Interdisciplinary Intervention for Hip Fracture in Older Taiwanese

Archived Abstract of Former PSC Researcher

Shyu, Y.I., Jersey Liang, C.C. Wu, J.Y. Su, H.S. Cheng, S.W. Chou, M.C. Chen, C.T. Yang, and M.Y. Tseng. 2010. "Two-Year Effects of Interdisciplinary Intervention for Hip Fracture in Older Taiwanese." Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 58(6): 1081-1089.

OBJECTIVES: To explore the 2-year outcomes of an interdisciplinary intervention for elderly patients with hip fracture. DESIGN: Randomized experimental design. SETTING: A 3,000-bed medical center in northern Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with hip fracture (N = 162): 80 in the intervention group and 82 in the usual care control group. INTERVENTION: An interdisciplinary program of geriatric consultation, continuous rehabilitation, and discharge planning. MEASUREMENTS: Outcomes (clinical outcomes, self-care ability, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), service utilization, and depressive symptoms) were assessed 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after discharge. Self-care ability (ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs)) was measured using the Chinese Barthel Index. HRQoL was measured using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form Survey, Taiwan version (SF-36). Depressive symptoms were measured using the Chinese Geriatric Depression Scale, short form. RESULTS: Subjects in the intervention group had significantly better ratios of hip flexion (beta = 5.43, P < .001), better performance on ADLs (beta = 9.22, P < .001), better recovery of walking ability (odds ratio (OR) = 2.23, P < .001), fewer falls (OR = 0.56, P = .03), fewer depressive symptoms (beta = -1.31, P = .005), and better SF-36 physical summary scores (beta = 6.08, P < .001) than the control group during the first 24 months after discharge. The intervention did not affect the peak force of the fractured limb's quadriceps, mortality, service utilization, or SF-36 mental summary score. CONCLUSION: The interdisciplinary intervention for hip fracture benefited elderly persons with hip fracture by improving clinical outcomes, self-care ability, and physical health-related outcomes and by decreasing depressive symptoms during the first 24 months after hospital discharge. J Am Geriatr Soc 58: 1081-1089, 2010.

DOI:10.1111/j.1532-5415.2010.02882.x (Full Text)

Country of focus: Taiwan.

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