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Differential Impact of Involuntary Job Loss on Physical Disability Among Older Workers Does Predisposition Matter?

Archived Abstract of Former PSC Researcher

Gallo, W.T., Jennie Brand, H.M. Teng, L. Leo-Summers, and A.L. Byers. 2009. "Differential Impact of Involuntary Job Loss on Physical Disability Among Older Workers Does Predisposition Matter?" Research on Aging, 31(3): 345-360.

Older workers' share of involuntary job losses in the United States has grown fairly consistently in recent decades, prompting greater interest in the health consequences of involuntary unemployment among individuals nearing retirement. In this study, the authors applied the multifactorial model of geriatric health to investigate whether late-career involuntary job loss was associated with subsequent physical disability and whether the effect of involuntary job loss on physical disability varied by predisposition. Using data from the first four waves (1992 to 1998) of the Health and Retirement Survey, the authors measured predisposition with individual risk factors for functional disability and indices of aggregate risk. The results of gender-specific models fit with generalized estimating equations revealed that unmarried women and those with low predisplacement incomes had heightened risk for subsequent functional disability. No differential effects of job loss were found for men.

DOI:10.1177/0164027508330722 (Full Text)

PMCID: PMC2778317. (Pub Med Central)

Country of focus: United States of America.

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