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Filiz Garip, Changing Dynamics of Mexico-U.S. Migration

Husbands' labour migration and wives' autonomy, Mozambique 2000-2006

Archived Abstract of Former PSC Researcher

Yabiku, Scott T., V. Agadjanian, and A. Sevoyan. 2010. "Husbands' labour migration and wives' autonomy, Mozambique 2000-2006." Population Studies-a Journal of Demography, 64(3): 293-306.

The separation of migrants from the family unit, as a result of labour migration, can have profound effects on family organization and the lives of family members. Using data from a 2006 survey of 1,680 married women from 56 villages in southern Mozambique, we examined the relationship between men's labour migration and the decision-making autonomy of women who stayed behind. The results show that both men's cumulative migration history and current migration status are positively associated with women's autonomy, and that the effects on autonomy may persist even after the man's return. Three intervening factorswomen's employment outside the home, lower fertility, and residential independence from extended family membersdid not fully mediate the effects of men's labour migration. This is consistent with the assumption that the migrant's absence has a 'direct' effect on his wife's autonomy.

DOI:10.1080/00324728.2010.510200 (Full Text)

PMCID: PMC2976678. (Pub Med Central)

Country of focus: Mozambique.

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