Monday, March 17
Tom Vogl: Differential Fertility, Human Capital, & Development
Yang, Y., Ana Diez Roux, A. Auchincloss, D. Rodriguez, and Daniel Brown. 2012. "Exploring walking differences by socioeconomic status using a spatial agent-based model." Health & Place, 18(1): 96-99.
We use an exploratory agent-based model of adults' walking behavior within a city to examine the possible impact of interventions on socioeconomic differences in walking. Simulated results show that for persons of low socioeconomic status, increases in walking resulting from increases in their positive attitude towards walking may diminish over time if other features of the environment are not conducive to walking. Similarly, improving the safety level for the lower SES neighborhoods may be effective in increasing walking, however, the magnitude of its effectiveness varies by levels of land use mix, such that effects of safety are greatest when persons live in areas with a large mix of uses. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
PMCID: PMC3345574. (Pub Med Central)
Country of focus: United States.