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Fujishiro, K., K. Stukovsky, Ana Diez Roux, P. Landsbergis, and C. Burchfiel. 2012. "Occupational Gradients in Smoking Behavior and Exposure to Workplace Environmental Tobacco Smoke." Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 54(2): 136-145.
Objective: This study examines associations of occupation with smoking status, amount smoked among current and former smokers (number of cigarettes per day and lifetime cigarette consumption (pack-years)), and workplace exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) independent from income and education. Methods: This is a cross-sectional analysis of data from a community sample (n = 6355, age range: 45-84) using logistic and multinomial regression. All analyses were stratified by sex and adjusted for socio-demographic variables. Results: Male blue-collar and sales/office workers had higher odds of having consumed more than 20 pack-years of cigarettes "than managers/professionals. For both male and female current or former smokers, exposure to workplace ETS was consistently and strongly associated with heavy smoking and greater pack-years. Conclusions: Blue-collar workplaces are associated with intense smoking and ETS exposure. Smoking must be addressed at both the individual and workplace levels especially in blue-collar workplaces.
PMCID: PMC3275688. (Pub Med Central)
Country of focus: United States of America.