Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Lam says tightening global labor market good for American workers

Johnston says e-cigs may reverse two-decades of progress on smoking reduction

Mueller-Smith finds incarceration increases the likelihood of committing more, and more serious, crimes

Highlights

Bob Willis awarded 2015 Jacob Mincer Award for Lifetime Contributions to the Field of Labor Economics

David Lam is new director of Institute for Social Research

Elizabeth Bruch wins Robert Merton Prize for paper in analytic sociology

Elizabeth Bruch wins ASA award for paper in mathematical sociology

Next Brown Bag

PSC Brown Bags will be back fall 2015


Peripheral Vascular Disease and Peripheral Neuropathy in Individuals With Cardiometabolic Clustering and Obesity National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2004

Publication Abstract

Ylitalo, K.R., M. Sowers, and Steven Heeringa. 2011. "Peripheral Vascular Disease and Peripheral Neuropathy in Individuals With Cardiometabolic Clustering and Obesity National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2004." Diabetes Care, 34(7): 1642-1647.

OBJECTIVE-Two lower-extremity diseases (LEDs), including peripheral neuropathy and peripheral vascular disease (PVC), are leading causes of disability in the U.S. Although LEDs can be complications of diabetes, their prevelances and risk factors apart from diabetes are poorly described. This study describes the prevalence of LEDs and examines the association of obesity and cardiometabolic clustering in a population-based sample. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-Adults aged >= 40 years (n = 2,514) were evaluated in the 2001-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for clustering of two or more cardiometabolic characteristics, including elevated triglycerides or plasma glucose, low HDL cholesterol levels, increased waist circumference, or hypertension. Clustering was combined with BM1 (dichotomized at >= 30 kg/m(2)) to generate three groups: obese (with or without clustering); nonobese with clustering; and nonobese without clustering. Multivariate logistic regression procedures incorporated the complex survey sampling design. RESULTS-Overall, 9.0% of individuals had peripheral neuropathy alone, 8.5% had PVD alone, and 2.4% had both LEDs. The obese group was more likely to have peripheral neuropathy (odds ratio 2.20 [95% Cl 1.43-3.39]), PVD (3.10 [1.84-5.22]), and both LEDs (6.91 [2.64-18.06]) compared with nonobese subjects without clustering. Within the nonobese group, clustering increased the odds of peripheral neuropathy (1.50 [1.00-2.25]) and PVD (2.48 [1.38-4.44]) compared with no clustering. CONCLUSIONS-Obesity and clustering markedly increased the likelihood of LEDs in this sample and identified a group for whom preventive activities may reduce the risk of future disability.

DOI:10.2337/dc10-2150 (Full Text)

PMCID: PMC3120210. (Pub Med Central)

Country of focus: United States of America.

Browse | Search : All Pubs | Next