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Melvin Stephens, Estimating Program Benefits

Positive Affect and College Success

Archived Abstract of Former PSC Researcher

Nickerson, Carol, Ed Diener, and Norbert Schwarz. 2011. "Positive Affect and College Success." Journal of Happiness Studies, 12(4): 717-746.

This study investigated the relation between positive affect and a variety of variables related to college success for undergraduate students matriculating at 21 academically selective 4-year colleges and universities in the United States. Positive affect-cheerfulness-is generally positively related to students' self-rated academic abilities, self-predicted likelihoods of various college outcomes, self-stated major and academic-degree intentions, and self-reported subjective college outcomes, but negatively related to most objective college-success variables (e.g., cumulative college grade-point average) recorded by the institution of matriculation, and not related to objective college outcomes reported by the student. Positive affect is thus associated with "positive illusions" about college-success variables.

DOI:10.1007/s10902-010-9224-8 (Full Text)

Country of focus: United States of America.

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