Dorius, Cassandra, S.J. Bahr, J.P. Hoffmann, and E.L. Harmon. 2004. "Parenting Practices as Moderators of the Relationship between Peers and Adolescent Marijuana Use." Journal of Marriage and Family, 66(1): 163-178.
Using data from a probability sample of 4,987 adolescents, we examine the degree to which closeness to mother, closeness to father, parental support, and parental monitoring buffer the relationship between peer drug use and adolescent marijuana use. The relationship between peer drug use and adolescent marijuana use was attenuated by both closeness to father and the perception that parents would catch them for major rule violations. These findings confirm the value of conceptualizing certain family characteristics as separate variables and verify that authoritative parenting may help insulate adolescents from peer pressure to use drugs.