Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Novak, Geronimus, and Martinez-Cardoso find fear of immigration can affect Latino birth outcomes

Frey's Scenario F simulation mentioned in account of the Democratic Party's tribulations

U-M Poverty Solutions funds nine projects

More News

Highlights

Workshops on EndNote, NIH reporting, and publication altmetrics, Jan 26 through Feb 7, ISR

2017 PAA Annual Meeting, April 27-29, Chicago

NIH funding opportunity: Etiology of Health Disparities and Health Advantages among Immigrant Populations (R01 and R21), open Jan 2017

Russell Sage 2017 Summer Institute in Computational Social Science, June 18-July 1. Application deadline Feb 17.

More Highlights

Next Brown Bag

Mon, Jan 23, 2017 at noon:
Decline of cash assistance and child well-being, Luke Shaefer

Trends and inequalities in late-life health and functioning in England

Publication Abstract

Martin, L., Robert F. Schoeni, P. Andreski, and C. Jagger. 2012. "Trends and inequalities in late-life health and functioning in England." Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 66(10): 874-80.

BACKGROUND: Recently, late-life disability rates have declined in several countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation, but no national-level trend analysis for England has been available. The authors provide such analysis, including measures both early and late in the disablement process, and the authors investigate the extent to which temporal trends are associated with population changes in socioeconomic position (SEP). METHODS: The authors fit logistic models of trends in self-reports and nurse measures of 16 health indicators, based on cross-sectional data from those aged 65 years and older from the 1992 to 2007 Health Survey for England. RESULTS: Overall, prevalence rates of limitations in seeing, hearing and usual activities declined (p<0.05); ever smoking, measured high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and high C reactive protein decreased (p<0.05); and the proportion with limitations in self-care activities remained stable. But obesity and limitations in walking 200 yards and climbing stairs increased (p<0.05). Increases over time in education and non-manual social class membership were associated with declines in smoking, C reactive protein and problems with usual activities. Had the changes in SEP not occurred, the increases in problems walking and climbing would have been greater. People with less education or of manual social classes experienced relatively worse trends for hearing, mobility functions and usual activities. The opposite was true for seeing. CONCLUSIONS: Recent trends in late-life health and functioning in England have been mixed. A better understanding of which specific activities pose challenges, how the environment in which activities are conducted influences functioning and the causes of relatively worse trends for some SEP groups is needed.

DOI:10.1136/jech-2011-200251 (Full Text)

Country of focus: United Kingdom.

Browse | Search : All Pubs | Next