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Shyu, Y., Jersey Liang, M. Tseng, Hsiao-Juan Li, C. Wu, H. Cheng, C. Yang, S. Chou, and Ching-Yen Chen. 2013. "Comprehensive Care Improves Health Outcomes Among Elderly Taiwanese Patients With Hip Fracture." Journals of Gerontology A: Biological and Medical Sciences, 68(2): 188-197.
Background. Few studies have investigated the effects of care models that combine interdisciplinary care with nutrition consultation, depression management, and fall prevention in older persons with hip fracture. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a comprehensive care program with those of interdisciplinary care and usual care for elderly patients with hip fracture. Methods. A randomized experimental trial was used to explore outcomes for 299 elderly patients with hip fracture receiving three treatment care models: interdisciplinary care (n = 101), comprehensive care (n = 99), and usual care (n = 99). Interdisciplinary care included geriatric consultation, continuous rehabilitation, and discharge planning with post-hospital services. Comprehensive care consisted of interdisciplinary care plus nutrition consultation, depression management, and fall prevention. Usual care included only in-hospital rehabilitation without geriatric consultation, in-home rehabilitation, and home environmental assessment. Results. Participants in the comprehensive care group had better self-care ability (odds ratio, OR = 3.19, p < .01) and less risk of depression (OR = 0.48, p < .01) than those who received usual care. The comprehensive care group had less risk of depression (OR = 0.51, p < .05) and of malnutrition (OR = 0.48, p < .05) than the interdisciplinary care group during the first year following discharge. Older persons with hip fracture benefitted more from the comprehensive care program than from interdisciplinary care and usual care. Conclusions. Older persons with hip fracture benefitted more from comprehensive care including interdisciplinary care and nutrition consultation, depression management, and fall prevention than simply interdisciplinary care.