Newman-Casey, Paula Anne, Jennifer S. Weizer, Michele Heisler, Paul P. Lee, and Joshua D. Stein. 2013. "Systematic Review of Educational Interventions to Improve Glaucoma Medication Adherence." Seminars in Ophthalmology, 28(2): 191-201.
Adherence to prescribed glaucoma medications is often poor, and proper adherence can be challenging for patients. We systematically reviewed the literature and identified eight studies using educational interventions to improve glaucoma medication adherence. Overall, five of the eight studies found that educational interventions lead to a significant improvement in medication adherence, and two additional studies found a trend towards improvement. Using information from this systematic review and Health Behavior Theory, we constructed a conceptual framework to illustrate how counseling and education can improve glaucoma medication adherence. More rigorous studies grounded in Health Behavior Theory with adequately powered samples and longer follow-up are needed.