Krause, Neal, and R. David Hayward. 2013. "Measuring Communities of Faith: A Preliminary Investigation." Journal of Religion, Spirituality and Aging, 25(3): 258-276.
The purpose of this study is to estimate a higher-order confirmatory factor model of communities of faith that consists of two tiers. Seven dimensions of church-based social support make up the first tier including emotional support received from rank-and-file church members as well as emotional support received from a pastor. It is hypothesized that these first-order constructs are driven by a higher-order latent variable that denotes a community of faith. The data reveal that emotional support represents the way in which a community of faith is most likely to be manifest while tangible support is a less critical component.
PMCID: PMC3768157. (Pub Med Central)