Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Lam says tightening global labor market good for American workers

Johnston says e-cigs may reverse two-decades of progress on smoking reduction

Mueller-Smith finds incarceration increases the likelihood of committing more, and more serious, crimes

Highlights

Bob Willis awarded 2015 Jacob Mincer Award for Lifetime Contributions to the Field of Labor Economics

David Lam is new director of Institute for Social Research

Elizabeth Bruch wins Robert Merton Prize for paper in analytic sociology

Elizabeth Bruch wins ASA award for paper in mathematical sociology

Next Brown Bag

PSC Brown Bags will be back fall 2015


The association between race and gender, treatment attitudes, and antidepressant treatment adherence

Archived Abstract of Former PSC Researcher

Burnett-Zeigler, Inger, H. Myra Kim, Claire Chiang, Janet Kavanagh, Kara Zivin, Katherin Rockefeller, Jo Anne Sirey, and Helen C. Kales. 2014. "The association between race and gender, treatment attitudes, and antidepressant treatment adherence." International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 29(2): 169-177.

Objectives: We examined the associations between treatment attitudes and beliefs with race-gender differences in antidepressant adherence.

Methods: Subjects (n=186) were African-American and White subjects aged 60years, diagnosed with clinically significant depression, and had a new outpatient primary care recommendation for antidepressant treatment. Antidepressant adherence was assessed using the Brief Medication Questionnaire. Attitudes and beliefs were assessed using the Patients Attitudes Toward and Ratings of Care for Depression, two items rating perceived medication importance, and a modified version of the Stigma Scale for Receiving Psychological Help.

Results: African-American men and women had significantly greater concerns about antidepressants and significantly less understanding about treatment than White women. African-American men had significantly more negative attitudes toward healthcare providers than African-American and White women. African-American women were more likely than White men and women to endorse a medication other than their antidepressant as most important. Whereas some race-gender differences were found in personal spirituality, no group differences were found in perceived stigma. In a logistic regression model adjusted for key baseline variables, White women were significantly more adherent to antidepressants than African-American women (OR=3.05, 95% CI=1.06-8.81). Fewer concerns about antidepressants and indicating the antidepressant as the most important medication were both significantly associated with adherence. After including either of these two variables, the adherence difference between White women and African-American women was no longer significant (OR=2.56, 95% CI=0.84-7.80).

Conclusions: Concerns about antidepressants and the importance of antidepressant medication are associated with adherence and are potentially modifiable through improved patient-provider communication, psycho-education, and therapeutic interventions. Copyright (c) 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

DOI:10.1002/gps.3984 (Full Text)

Browse | Search : All Pubs | Next