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Lesthaeghe, Ron J. 2014. "The Fertility Transition in Sub-Saharan Africa into the 21st Century." PSC Research Report No. 14-823. July 2014.
This paper aims at giving a succinct overview of the most recent data on fertility and contraception in Sub-Sahara Africa, mostly using the reported results of the Demographic and Health surveys (DHS). In doing so, we have tried to highlight features that are not only striking characteristics for the situation on that continent but that also provide points of interest for policy interventions. First, we shall briefly try to sketch the current state of affairs with respect to total fertility and contraceptive use. Then, we shall address the feature of the "African two stage transition". We continue with the issues related to unmet need, and proceed with a four way classification of non-users of contraception who also do not intend to use it later (not needed, not ready, not willing, not able).
Countries of focus: Cameroon, Ghana, Nigeria, Rwanda.