Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Lam discusses shifts in global population, past and future

Thompson says LGBT social movement will bring new strength in push for tighter gun control

Yang says devalued pound will decrease resources for the families of migrant workers in Britain

Highlights

Frey's new report explores how the changing US electorate could shape the next 5 presidential elections, 2016 to 2032

U-M's Data Science Initiative offers expanded consulting services via CSCAR

Elizabeth Bruch promoted to Associate Professor

Susan Murphy elected to the National Academy of Sciences

Next Brown Bag

PSC Brown Bags
will resume fall 2016

Gender and Educational Attainment in Modern China: An Analysis of Trends

Publication Abstract

Hannum-Demopolos, Emily, and Yu Xie. "Gender and Educational Attainment in Modern China: An Analysis of Trends." PSC Research Report No. 92-264. October 1992.

Since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, two distinct and conflicting ideals, equality and modernization, have alternately surfaced as the main emphasis in government policies. The fluctuation in ideological emphases in modern China provides an interesting case for examining the link between government goals and social stratification under state socialism. This study hypothesizes that the alternating emphases of equality and of modernization lead to two distinct stratification systems: low stratification is likely to result from government emphasis on equality, and high stratification from government emphasis on modernization.

Specifically, the study chooses gender disparity in elementary and junior high school education as one indicator of social stratification in modern China and traces the shifts in and implications of social and educational policies. With data from the 10% sampling tabulations of the 1990 China Census, the authors model the trends in gender gap with time series, spine-smoothing regressions correcting for auto-correlation, separately for urban and rural residents. They found that periods of modernization are indeed characterized by increases in gender stratification, while periods of equality are characterized by decreases in gender stratification.

Browse | Search : All Pubs | Next