Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Burgard and Seelye find job insecurity linked to psychological distress among workers in later years

Former PSC trainee Jay Borchert parlays past incarceration and doctoral degree into pursuing better treatment of inmates

Inglehart says shaky job market for millennials has contributed to their disaffection

More News

Highlights

Savolainen wins Outstanding Contribution Award for study of how employment affects recidivism among past criminal offenders

Giving Blueday at ISR focuses on investing in the next generation of social scientists

Pfeffer and Schoeni cover the economic and social dimensions of wealth inequality in this special issue

PRB Policy Communication Training Program for PhD students in demography, reproductive health, population health

More Highlights

Next Brown Bag

Mon, Jan 23, 2017 at noon:
H. Luke Shaefer

Barbara A. Anderson photo

Problems in Measuring Ethnic Differences in Mortality in Northern China

Publication Abstract

Anderson, Barbara A., and Brian D. Silver. "Problems in Measuring Ethnic Differences in Mortality in Northern China." PSC Research Report No. 93-277. April 1993.

This paper examines mortality by ethnic group for Neimenggu and Xinjiang. The analysis is based on individual-level data from the 1990 Chinese Census. Explicit comparisons are made between Mongols and Han in Neimenggu and between Uighurs and Han in Xinjiang. As a preliminary step toward the study of differences in demographic behavior by ethnic group, it is important to examine the accuracy of the data.

A pattern of severe age heaping is found for the population of Xinjiang. The extent of age heaping is much greater for Uighurs than for Han. However, data for Han who have little or no education show a noticeable amount of age heaping.

Mongols and Han have similar reported mortality levels in Neimenggu, and except at very old ages, the mortality data for Neimenggu appear to be plausible. In Xinjiang, Uighurs and Han show a mortality crossover: Uighurs exhibit higher reported mortality rates than Han at younger ages and lower reported mortality rates than Han at older ages. This is similar to the pattern that has been found among traditionally Moslem groups in Soviet Central Asia. It seems that substantial overstatement of age for those alive at the time of the census as well as overstatement of age of those who died contributes to artificially low reported mortality at older ages.

The authors propose further study of the causes of this pattern in order to assess the contribution of underregistration and age misreporting to error in mortality data. Once the process that causes this error is more fully understood, measures can be taken to improve data quality. Then it will be possible to investigate the role of factors such as ethnic group membership, education, and health status in the actual risks of dying.

Browse | Search : All Pubs | Next