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Knodel, John E. "Using Qualitative Data for Understanding Old Age Security and Fertility." PSC Research Report No. 93-299. December 1993.
This paper considers the contribution that qualitative data generated through the focus group method might contribute to our understanding of the old security motive and fertility relationship. The primary example used to illustrate this comes from Thailand and centers around the question of how Thai fertility could have declined so sharply in only a few decades while expectations from children regarding assistance in later years remained intact. The analysis shows how the main elements of an explanation of this apparent paradox can be gleaned from focus group discussions related to the issue, especially when combined with information from other sources that place the discussions in the context of the Thai cultural setting.