Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Frey and colleagues outline 10 trends showing scale of America's demographic transitions

Starr says surveys intended to predict recidivism assign higher risk to poor

Prescott and colleagues find incidence of noncompetes in U.S. labor force varies by job, state, worker education

Highlights

PAA 2015 Annual Meeting: Preliminary program and list of UM participants

ISR addition wins LEED Gold Certification

PSC Fall 2014 Newsletter now available

Martha Bailey and Nicolas Duquette win Cole Prize for article on War on Poverty

Next Brown Bag

Mon, March 9
Luigi Pistaferri, Consumption Inequality and Family Labor Supply

Sioban D. Harlow photo

A Longitudinal Study of Risk Factors for the Occurrence, Duration, and Severity of Menstrual Cramps in a Cohort of College Women

Publication Abstract

Harlow, Sioban D., and Meekyong Park. "A Longitudinal Study of Risk Factors for the Occurrence, Duration, and Severity of Menstrual Cramps in a Cohort of College Women." PSC Research Report No. 95-341. November 1995.

This report describes how women's menstrual cramps vary from cycle to cycle over time. The authors examine the influence of weight and lifestyle factors on occurrence, duration, and severity of menstrual pain. The authors designed a one-year prospective menstrual diary study on 165 women, aged 17-19 years, entering a local university in 1985. They measured the occurrence, length, and maximum severity of pain during a menstrual period as well as missing an activity during a menstrual period. Menstrual pain occurred during 71.6% of observed menstrual bleeds, most commonly beginning the first day of menses. The median duration was two days. Sixty percent of women reported at least one episode of severe pain, while 13 percent reported severe pain more than half the time. Missing an activity, though experienced occasionally by many women, was an infrequent occurrence. Earlier age at menarche and long menstrual periods increased the occurrence, duration, and severity of pain. Smoking did not increase the probability of having pain, but given pain, smokers were more likely to have cramps last longer than two days and to use pain medication. Being overweight was an important risk factor for both the probability of having pain and longer duration of pain. Frequent alcohol consumption decreased the probability of having menstrual cramps, but given pain, increased duration and severity. Physical activity was not associated with any pain parameter. The authors conclude that the occurrence and severity of menstrual cramps is influenced by potentially modifiable host characteristics including weight, smoking, and alcohol consumption.

Browse | Search : All Pubs | Next