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Santiago, Anna Maria, and Clara G. Muschkin. "Disentangling the Effects of Disability Status and Gender on the Labor Supply of Anglo, Black and Latino Older Workers." PSC Research Report No. 95-342. November 1995.
Utilizing data from the 1991 Health and Retirement Survey Early Release File, this paper examines the effects of disability status on labor force participation and earnings of pre-retirement workers aged 50 to 64. Results from hierarchical regression models suggest that poor health and the presence of a work disability significantly reduced the labor force participation and earnings of older men and women. These analyses also suggest that the economic well-being of women and minorities were further constrained by the costs associated with additional "minority statuses." For disabled Black and Latino men and women, the odds of being employed were reduced by approximately 97 percent. Further, the earnings of Black men and women with disabilities were 42 and 33 percent lower, respectively, than their non-disabled counterparts.