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Lam says tightening global labor market good for American workers

Johnston says e-cigs may reverse two-decades of progress on smoking reduction

Mueller-Smith finds incarceration increases the likelihood of committing more, and more serious, crimes

Highlights

Bob Willis awarded 2015 Jacob Mincer Award for Lifetime Contributions to the Field of Labor Economics

David Lam is new director of Institute for Social Research

Elizabeth Bruch wins Robert Merton Prize for paper in analytic sociology

Elizabeth Bruch wins ASA award for paper in mathematical sociology

Next Brown Bag

PSC Brown Bags will be back fall 2015


Philippa J. Clarke's Select Publications

Journal Articles

Latham, Kenzie, Philippa J. Clarke, and Greg Pavela. Forthcoming. "Social Relationships, Gender, and Recovery From Mobility Limitation Among Older Americans." Journals of Gerontology B Psychology Science Social Science. DOI. Abstract.

Ailshire, Jennifer, and Philippa J. Clarke. 2015. "Fine Particulate Matter Air Pollution and Cognitive Function Among U.S. Older Adults." Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological and Social Sciences, 70(2): 322-328. PMCID: PMC4351385. DOI. Abstract.

Kim, Min Hee, and Philippa J. Clarke. 2015. "Urban Social and Built Environments and Trajectories of Decline in Social Engagement in Vulnerable Elders: Findings From Detroit's Medicaid Home and Community-Based Waiver Population." Research on Aging, 37(4): 413-435. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Ting Yan, Florian Keusch, and Nancy Gallagher. 2015. "The Impact of Weather on Mobility and Participation in Older US Adults." American Journal of Public Health, 105(7): 1489-1494. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Jennifer Weuve, Lisa Barnes, Denis A. Evans, and Carlos Mendes de Leon. Online Access 2015. "Cognitive Decline and the Neighborhood Environment." Annals of Epidemiology, . DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Jeffrey Morenoff, M. Debbink, E. Golberstein, Michael R. Elliott, and Paula M. Lantz. 2014. "Cumulative Exposure to Neighborhood Context: Consequences for Health Transitions over the Adult Life Course." Research on Aging, 36(1): 115-142. PMCID: PMC3900407. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., and Kenzie Latham. 2014. "Life course health and socioeconomic profiles of Americans aging with disability." Disability and Health Journal, 7(1): S15-S23. PMCID: PMC3901952. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Narayan Sastry, Denise Duffy, and Jennifer Ailshire. 2014. "Accuracy of Self-Reported Versus Measured Weight Over Adolescence and Young Adulthood: Findings From the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, 1996–2008." American Journal of Epidemiology, 180(2): 153-159. PMCID: PMC4082345. DOI. Abstract.

Hirsch, Jana A., Meghan Winters, Philippa J. Clarke, and Heather McKay. 2014. "Generating GPS activity spaces that shed light upon the mobility habits of older adults: a descriptive analysis." International Journal of Health Geographics, 13: 51. PMCID: PMC4326206. DOI. Abstract.

Gallagher, Nancy Ambrose, Philippa J. Clarke, and Kimberlee A. Gretebeck. 2014. "Gender Differences in Neighborhood Walking in Older Adults." Journal of Aging and Health, 26(8): 1280-1300. DOI. Abstract.

Hirsch, Jana A., Kari A. Moore, Philippa J. Clarke, Daniel A. Rodriguez, Kelly R. Evenson, Shannon J. Brines, Melissa A. Zagorski, and Ana Diez Roux. 2014. "Changes in the Built Environment and Changes in the Amount of Walking Over Time: Longitudinal Results From the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis." American Journal of Epidemiology, 180(8): 799-809. PMCID: PMC4188343. DOI. Abstract.

Latham, Kenzie, and Philippa J. Clarke. 2013. "The Role of Neighborhood Safety in Recovery from Mobility Limitations: Findings from a National Sample of Older Americans (1996-2008)." Research on Aging, 34(2): 481–502. PMCID: PMC3748742. DOI.

Clarke, Philippa J., and Nancy Ambrose Gallagher. 2013. "Optimizing Mobility in Later Life: The Role of the Urban Built Environment for Older Adults Aging in Place." Journal of Urban Health, 90(6): 997-1009. PMCID: PMC3853178. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Patrick M. O'Malley, John E. Schulenberg, Hedy Lee, Natalie Colabianchi, and Lloyd Johnston. 2013. "College Expectations in High School Mitigate Weight Gain Over Early Adulthood: Findings From a National Study of American Youth." Obesity, 21(7): 1321-1327. PMCID: PMC3742647. DOI. Abstract.

Tomey, Kristin, Ana Diez Roux, Philippa J. Clarke, and Teresa Seeman. 2013. "Associations between neighborhood characteristics and self-rated health: A cross-sectional investigation in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) cohort." Health & Place, 24: 267-274. PMCID: PMC3874143. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Jennifer Ailshire, James S. House, Jeffrey Morenoff, Katherine E. King, Robert Melendez, and Kenneth M. Langa. 2012. "Cognitive function in the community setting: the neighbourhood as a source of ‘cognitive reserve’?" Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 66(8): 730-736. PMCID: PMC3387518. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., V. Marshall, and David Weir. 2012. "Unexpected retirement from full time work after age 62: consequences for life satisfaction in older Americans." European Journal of Ageing, 9(3): 207-219. PMCID: PMC3805020. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Victor W. Marshall, James S. House, and Paula M. Lantz. 2011. "The Social Structuring of Mental Health over the Adult Life Course: Advancing Theory in the Sociology of Aging." Social Forces, 89(4): 1287-1313. PMCID: PMC3210581. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Vanessa Blount, and Angela Colantonio. 2011. "Cognitive Impairment Predicts Fatal Incident Stroke: Findings from a National Sample of Older Adults." Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 59(8): 1490-1496. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., and Jacqui Smith. 2011. "Aging in a Cultural Context: Cross-national Differences in Disability and the Moderating Role of Personal Control Among Older Adults in the United States and England." Journals of Gerontology Series B - Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 66(4): 457-467. PMCID: PMC3132269. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Jennifer Ailshire, E.R. Nieuwenhuijsen, and M.W. de Kleijn-de Vrankrijker. 2011. "Participation among adults with disability: the role of the urban environment." Social Science & Medicine, 72(10): 1674-1684. PMCID: PMC3101873. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Patrick M. O'Malley, John E. Schulenberg, and Lloyd Johnston. 2010. "Midlife Health and Socioeconomic Consequences of Persistent Overweight Across Early Adulthood: Findings From a National Survey of American Adults (1986-2008)." American Journal of Epidemiology, 172(5): 540-548. PMCID: PMC2950821. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Jennifer Ailshire, Robert Melendez, Michael Bader, and Jeffrey Morenoff. 2010. "Using Google Earth to conduct a neighborhood audit: Reliability of a virtual audit instrument." Health & Place, 16(6): 1224-1229. PMCID: PMC2952684. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Patrick M. O'Malley, Lloyd Johnston, John E. Schulenberg, and Paula M. Lantz. 2009. "Differential trends in weight-related health behaviors among American young adults by gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status: 1984-2006." American Journal of Public Health, 99(10): 1893-901. PMCID: PMC2741505. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., and Els R. Nieuwenhuijsen. 2009. "Environments for healthy ageing: a critical review." Maturitas, 64(1): 9-14. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Jennifer Ailshire, and Paula M. Lantz. 2009. "Urban built environments and trajectories of mobility disability: findings from a national sample of community-dwelling American adults (1986-2001)." Social Science & Medicine, 69(6): 964-70. PMCID: PMC2759178. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J. 2009. "Understanding the Experience of Stroke: A Mixed-Method Research Agenda." Gerontologist, 49(3): 293-302. PMCID: PMC2682172. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Pamela Chan, Lina P. Santaguida, and Angela Colantonio. 2009. "The Use of Mobility Devices Among Institutionalized Older Adults." Journal of Aging and Health, 21(4): 611-626. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Patrick M. O'Malley, Lloyd Johnston, and John E. Schulenberg. 2009. "Social disparities in BMI trajectories across adulthood by gender, race/ethnicity and lifetime socio-economic position: 1986-2004." International Journal of Epidemiology, 38(2): 499-509. PMCID: PMC2663716. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J. 2008. "When can group level clustering be ignored? Multilevel models versus single-level models with sparse data." Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 62(8): 752-758. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Jennifer Ailshire, Michael Bader, Jeffrey Morenoff, and James S. House. 2008. "Mobility disability and the urban built environment." American Journal of Epidemiology, 168(5): 506-513. PMCID: PMC2727170. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., and B. Wheaton. 2007. "Addressing data sparseness in contextual population research - Using cluster analysis to create synthetic neighborhoods." Sociological Methods & Research, 35(3): 311-351. DOI. Abstract. Public Access.

Ballantyne, P., Philippa J. Clarke, J. Marshman, J. Victor, and J. Fisher. 2005. "Use of prescribed and non-prescribed medicines by the elderly: implications for who chooses, who pays and who monitors the risks of medicines." International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 13:133-140. Licensed Access.

Clarke, Philippa J., and A. Colantonio. 2005. "Wheelchair use among community-dwelling older adults: Prevalence and risk factors in a national sample." Canadian Journal of Aging, 24(2): 191-8. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., and L.K. George. 2005. "The role of the built environment in the disablement process." American Journal of Public Health, 95(11): 1933-9. DOI. Abstract.

Chapters

Clarke, Philippa J. 2010. "Agency and Social Structure in Aging and Life-course Research." In The SAGE handbook of social gerontology edited by Sannefer, Dale, Phillipson, Chris. :294-305. London: Sage.

Marshall, V.W., and Philippa J. Clarke. 2006. "Theories of aging: Social." In Encyclopedia of Gerontology edited by Birren, James. London: Elsevier Academic Press.

Clarke, Philippa J., and Blair Wheaton. 2005. "Mapping social context on mental health trajectories through adulthood." In The structure of the life course : standardized? individualized? differentiated? edited by Ross Macmillan. 269-302. Amsterdam ; Boston : Elsevier JAI.