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Philippa J. Clarke's Select Publications

Journal Articles

Leggett, A., Philippa J. Clarke, Kara Zivin, R.J. McCammon, Michael R. Elliott, and Kenneth M. Langa. Forthcoming. "Recent Improvements in Cognitive Functioning Among Older U.S. Adults: How Much Does Increasing Educational Attainment Explain?" Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. DOI. Abstract.

Wagner, A., F. Keusch, T. Yan, and Philippa J. Clarke. Forthcoming. "The impact of weather on summer and winter exercise behaviors." Journal of Sport and Health Science. DOI. Abstract.

Latham, Kenzie, and Philippa J. Clarke. Forthcoming. "Neighborhood Disorder, Perceived Social Cohesion, and Social Participation Among Older Americans: Findings From the National Health & Aging Trends Study." Journal of Aging and Health. DOI. Abstract.

Ailshire, Jennifer, Amelia Karraker, and Philippa J. Clarke. 2017. "Neighborhood social stressors, fine particulate matter air pollution, and cognitive function among older U.S. adults." Social science & medicine, 172: 56-63. DOI. Abstract.

Hirsch, Jana A., Meghan Winters, Philippa J. Clarke, Nathalie Ste-Marie, and Heather A. McKay. 2017. "The influence of walkability on broader mobility for Canadian middle aged and older adults: An examination of Walk Score™ and the Mobility Over Varied Environments Scale (MOVES)." Preventive medicine, 95S: S60-S67. DOI. Abstract.

Duchowny, Kate, Mark D. Peterson, and Philippa J. Clarke. Online Access 2017. "Cut Points for Clinical Muscle Weakness Among Older Americans." American Journal of Preventive Medicine. DOI. Abstract.

Brenner, Allison B., and Philippa J. Clarke. Online Access 2016. "Understanding Socioenvironmental Contributors to Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Disability Among Older Americans." Research on aging. DOI. Abstract.

Lee, Hedy, A. Pantazis, P. Cheng, L. Dennisuk, Philippa J. Clarke, and Joyce M. Lee. 2016. "The Association Between Adolescent Obesity and Disability Incidence in Young Adulthood." Journal of Adolescent Health, 59(4): 472-478. DOI.

Gallagher, N., Philippa J. Clarke, and E. Carr. 2016. "Physical activity in older adults in a combined functional circuit and walking program." Geriatric Nursing, 37(5): 353-359. DOI. Abstract.

Guimarães, J., Philippa J. Clarke, D. Tate, C. Coeli, R. Griep, M. da Fonseca, I. Santos, E. Melo, and D. Chor. 2016. "Social mobility and subclinical atherosclerosis in a middle-income country: Association of intra-and inter-generational social mobility with carotid intima-media thickness in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)." Social Science and Medicine, 169: 9-17. DOI. Abstract.

Smith, Abigail R., Charity Chen, Philippa J. Clarke, and Nancy Ambrose Gallagher. 2016. "Trajectories of Outdoor Mobility in Vulnerable Community-Dwelling Elderly: The Role of Individual and Environmental Factors." Journal of Aging and Health, 28(5): 796-811. DOI. Abstract.

Hirsch, Jana A., Meghan Winters, Maureen C. Ashe, Philippa J. Clarke, and Heather A. McKay. 2016. "Destinations That Older Adults Experience Within Their GPS Activity Spaces: Relation to Objectively Measured Physical Activity." Environment and Behavior, 48(1): 55-77. PMCID: PMC4714356. DOI. Abstract.

King, Katherine E., and Philippa J. Clarke. 2015. "A disadvantaged advantage in walkability: findings from socioeconomic and geographical analysis of national built environment data in the United States." American Journal of Epidemiology, 181(1): 17-25. PMCID: PMC4334827. DOI. Abstract.

Gallagher, Nancy Ambrose, Philippa J. Clarke, C. Loveland-Cherry, David L. Ronis, and Kim A. Gretebeck. 2015. "Self-efficacy, Neighborhood Walking, and Fall History in Older Adults." Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 23(1): 64-71. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Jennifer Weuve, Lisa Barnes, Denis A. Evans, and Carlos Mendes de Leon. 2015. "Cognitive Decline and the Neighborhood Environment." Annals of Epidemiology, 25(11): 849-854. PMCID: PMC4609590. DOI. Abstract.

Latham, Kenzie, Philippa J. Clarke, and Greg Pavela. 2015. "Social Relationships, Gender, and Recovery From Mobility Limitation Among Older Americans." Journals of Gerontology B: Psychological and Social Sciences, 70(5): 769-781. PMCID: PMC4635643. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Ting Yan, Florian Keusch, and Nancy Gallagher. 2015. "The Impact of Weather on Mobility and Participation in Older US Adults." American Journal of Public Health, 105(7): 1489-1494. DOI. Abstract.

Kim, Min Hee, and Philippa J. Clarke. 2015. "Urban Social and Built Environments and Trajectories of Decline in Social Engagement in Vulnerable Elders: Findings From Detroit's Medicaid Home and Community-Based Waiver Population." Research on Aging, 37(4): 413-435. DOI. Abstract.

Ailshire, Jennifer, and Philippa J. Clarke. 2015. "Fine Particulate Matter Air Pollution and Cognitive Function Among U.S. Older Adults." Journals of Gerontology B: Psychological and Social Sciences, 70(2): 322-328. PMCID: PMC4351385. DOI. Abstract.

Hirsch, Jana A., Meghan Winters, Philippa J. Clarke, and Heather McKay. 2014. "Generating GPS activity spaces that shed light upon the mobility habits of older adults: a descriptive analysis." International Journal of Health Geographics, 13: 51. PMCID: PMC4326206. DOI. Abstract.

Gallagher, Nancy Ambrose, Philippa J. Clarke, and Kimberlee A. Gretebeck. 2014. "Gender Differences in Neighborhood Walking in Older Adults." Journal of Aging and Health, 26(8): 1280-1300. DOI. Abstract.

Hirsch, Jana A., Kari A. Moore, Philippa J. Clarke, Daniel A. Rodriguez, Kelly R. Evenson, Shannon J. Brines, Melissa A. Zagorski, and Ana V. Diez Roux. 2014. "Changes in the Built Environment and Changes in the Amount of Walking Over Time: Longitudinal Results From the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis." American Journal of Epidemiology, 180(8): 799-809. PMCID: PMC4188343. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Narayan Sastry, Denise Duffy, and Jennifer Ailshire. 2014. "Accuracy of Self-Reported Versus Measured Weight Over Adolescence and Young Adulthood: Findings From the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, 1996–2008." American Journal of Epidemiology, 180(2): 153-159. PMCID: PMC4082345. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., and Kenzie Latham. 2014. "Life course health and socioeconomic profiles of Americans aging with disability." Disability and Health Journal, 7(1): S15-S23. PMCID: PMC3901952. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Jeffrey Morenoff, M. Debbink, E. Golberstein, Michael R. Elliott, and Paula M. Lantz. 2014. "Cumulative Exposure to Neighborhood Context: Consequences for Health Transitions over the Adult Life Course." Research on Aging, 36(1): 115-142. PMCID: PMC3900407. DOI. Abstract.

Tomey, Kristin, Ana V. Diez Roux, Philippa J. Clarke, and Teresa Seeman. 2013. "Associations between neighborhood characteristics and self-rated health: A cross-sectional investigation in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) cohort." Health and Place, 24: 267-274. PMCID: PMC3874143. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Patrick M. O'Malley, John E. Schulenberg, Hedy Lee, Natalie Colabianchi, and Lloyd Johnston. 2013. "College Expectations in High School Mitigate Weight Gain Over Early Adulthood: Findings From a National Study of American Youth." Obesity, 21(7): 1321-1327. PMCID: PMC3742647. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., and Nancy Ambrose Gallagher. 2013. "Optimizing Mobility in Later Life: The Role of the Urban Built Environment for Older Adults Aging in Place." Journal of Urban Health, 90(6): 997-1009. PMCID: PMC3853178. DOI. Abstract.

Latham, Kenzie, and Philippa J. Clarke. 2013. "The Role of Neighborhood Safety in Recovery from Mobility Limitations: Findings from a National Sample of Older Americans (1996-2008)." Research on Aging, 34(2): 481–502. PMCID: PMC3748742. DOI.

Clarke, Philippa J., V. Marshall, and David Weir. 2012. "Unexpected retirement from full time work after age 62: consequences for life satisfaction in older Americans." European Journal of Ageing, 9(3): 207-219. PMCID: PMC3805020. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Jennifer Ailshire, James S. House, Jeffrey Morenoff, Katherine E. King, Robert Melendez, and Kenneth M. Langa. 2012. "Cognitive function in the community setting: the neighbourhood as a source of ‘cognitive reserve’?" Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 66(8): 730-736. PMCID: PMC3387518. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Jennifer Ailshire, E.R. Nieuwenhuijsen, and M.W. de Kleijn-de Vrankrijker. 2011. "Participation among adults with disability: the role of the urban environment." Social Science and Medicine, 72(10): 1674-1684. PMCID: PMC3101873. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Vanessa Blount, and Angela Colantonio. 2011. "Cognitive Impairment Predicts Fatal Incident Stroke: Findings from a National Sample of Older Adults." Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 59(8): 1490-1496. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., and Jacqui Smith. 2011. "Aging in a Cultural Context: Cross-national Differences in Disability and the Moderating Role of Personal Control Among Older Adults in the United States and England." Journals of Gerontology B: Psychological and Social Sciences, 66(4): 457-467. PMCID: PMC3132269. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Victor W. Marshall, James S. House, and Paula M. Lantz. 2011. "The Social Structuring of Mental Health over the Adult Life Course: Advancing Theory in the Sociology of Aging." Social Forces, 89(4): 1287-1313. PMCID: PMC3210581. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Jennifer Ailshire, Robert Melendez, Michael Bader, and Jeffrey Morenoff. 2010. "Using Google Earth to conduct a neighborhood audit: Reliability of a virtual audit instrument." Health and Place, 16(6): 1224-1229. PMCID: PMC2952684. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Patrick M. O'Malley, John E. Schulenberg, and Lloyd Johnston. 2010. "Midlife Health and Socioeconomic Consequences of Persistent Overweight Across Early Adulthood: Findings From a National Survey of American Adults (1986-2008)." American Journal of Epidemiology, 172(5): 540-548. PMCID: PMC2950821. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Patrick M. O'Malley, Lloyd Johnston, John E. Schulenberg, and Paula M. Lantz. 2009. "Differential trends in weight-related health behaviors among American young adults by gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status: 1984-2006." American Journal of Public Health, 99(10): 1893-901. PMCID: PMC2741505. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., and Els R. Nieuwenhuijsen. 2009. "Environments for healthy ageing: a critical review." Maturitas, 64(1): 9-14. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Jennifer Ailshire, and Paula M. Lantz. 2009. "Urban built environments and trajectories of mobility disability: findings from a national sample of community-dwelling American adults (1986-2001)." Social Science and Medicine, 69(6): 964-70. PMCID: PMC2759178. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J. 2009. "Understanding the Experience of Stroke: A Mixed-Method Research Agenda." Gerontologist, 49(3): 293-302. PMCID: PMC2682172. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Pamela Chan, Lina P. Santaguida, and Angela Colantonio. 2009. "The Use of Mobility Devices Among Institutionalized Older Adults." Journal of Aging and Health, 21(4): 611-626. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Patrick M. O'Malley, Lloyd Johnston, and John E. Schulenberg. 2009. "Social disparities in BMI trajectories across adulthood by gender, race/ethnicity and lifetime socio-economic position: 1986-2004." International Journal of Epidemiology, 38(2): 499-509. PMCID: PMC2663716. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J. 2008. "When can group level clustering be ignored? Multilevel models versus single-level models with sparse data." Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 62(8): 752-758. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., Jennifer Ailshire, Michael Bader, Jeffrey Morenoff, and James S. House. 2008. "Mobility disability and the urban built environment." American Journal of Epidemiology, 168(5): 506-513. PMCID: PMC2727170. DOI. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., and B. Wheaton. 2007. "Addressing data sparseness in contextual population research - Using cluster analysis to create synthetic neighborhoods." Sociological Methods and Research, 35(3): 311-351. DOI. Abstract. Public Access.

Ballantyne, P., Philippa J. Clarke, J. Marshman, J. Victor, and J. Fisher. 2005. "Use of prescribed and non-prescribed medicines by the elderly: implications for who chooses, who pays and who monitors the risks of medicines." International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 13:133-140. Licensed Access.

Clarke, Philippa J., and A. Colantonio. 2005. "Wheelchair use among community-dwelling older adults: Prevalence and risk factors in a national sample." Canadian Journal of Aging, 24(2): 191-8. Abstract.

Clarke, Philippa J., and L.K. George. 2005. "The role of the built environment in the disablement process." American Journal of Public Health, 95(11): 1933-9. DOI. Abstract.

Chapters

Clarke, Philippa J. 2010. "Agency and Social Structure in Aging and Life-course Research." In The SAGE handbook of social gerontology edited by Sannefer, Dale, Phillipson, Chris. :294-305. London: Sage.

Marshall, V.W., and Philippa J. Clarke. 2006. "Theories of aging: Social." In Encyclopedia of Gerontology edited by Birren, James. London: Elsevier Academic Press.

Clarke, Philippa J., and Blair Wheaton. 2005. "Mapping social context on mental health trajectories through adulthood." In The structure of the life course: standardized? individualized? differentiated? edited by Ross Macmillan. 269-302. Amsterdam ; Boston : Elsevier JAI.

PSC Reports

Verbrugge, Lois M., Kenzie Latham, and Philippa J. Clarke. 2017. "Aging with Disability for Midlife and Older Adults." PSC Research Report No. 17-876. 1 2017. Abstract. PDF.