Mon, Jan 23, 2017 at noon:
Decline of cash assistance and child well-being, Luke Shaefer
a PSC Research Project [ARCHIVE DISPLAY]
Investigators: Daniel G. Brown, William S. Currie, Joan I. Nassauer
Parker, the PI from George Mason University on the original proposal, is relocating to the School of Planning at the University of Waterloo in Canada. As a result GMU will not be performing the tasks originally planned and will return the remaining budget to the NSF. In order to complete the original project goals, we are requesting a supplement to the University of Michigan award that would both allow us to complete the project as planned and expand the scope a bit to pursue new directions identified during the course of the project. While responsibility for the tasks will be transferred to UM, we are allocating a significant portion of those funds to a subcontract to the University of Waterloo, where Parker is starting a faculty position as of August 2009. The existing and new tasks will be completed through ongoing collaboration between the University of Michigan team and Parker at Waterloo.
Goals of Supplement from Original Proposal
As outlined in the original proposal, Parker was responsible for pursuing or contributing to the following research questions and research tasks/objectives.
The research questions outlined (and as numbered) in the original proposal that are affected by the institutional changes and therefore the subject of this supplement request are
(2) landscape preferences that influence both market and C dynamics;
? What are the causal links between attitudes and behavior in home landscape design or management?
(4) role of land markets in structuring spatial and temporal dynamics of land-cover;
? Does the addition of land-market dynamics to an agent-based LULC model change the projected ecological function of landscapes? If so, what are the effects of the following mechanisms?
o prevailing interest rates and agent demographics
o cultural preferences for landscape characteristics by residents and developer responses to these preferences
o land-management behaviors of residents
(5) model sensitivity and effects of alternative strategies, including spatial and aspatial, for providing incentives to increase carbon sequestration on landscapes.
? What nonlinearities and thresholds are present in the broad-scale linkages among independent models of land markets, agent-based LULC behaviors, and carbon dynamics?
? To what extent are nonlinearities sensitive to particular model formulations or degrees of specificity in model components?
? What differential effects might spatial (e.g., zoning) and aspatial (e.g., carbon market) land-use and land-management policies have on trajectories of C dynamics? Can such policies effectively achieve carbon-management goals? Alternatively, might policies designed to increase C absorption have unanticipated or unintended affects on C cycling, when both land market dynamics and land manager behavior are accounted for?
The research tasks and objectives corresponding to these research questions, and our plan for Parker?s role in the completion of these tasks are as follows
2. Observe carbon-management behaviors at multiple scales, and investigate their relationships with residents? preferences and environmental attitudes.
Parker will continue to assist in the design, development, and analysis of the existing and new land-owner management data, in order to complete the empirical model that links land market incentives to land management behavior. This will include work on hedonic statistical models that estimate the effects of different land management strategies on property values, using existing and newly collected real estate transaction data, combined with GIS and survey data describing parcel characteristics.
4. Develop two land-market model components that incorporate landscape preferences, behaviors, and land-cover dynamics, one abstract and one more realistic, for use in ABMs in the context of exurban land-use change.
Parker will continue to lead this component of the project. Workin
|Funding:||National Science Foundation (GEO 0814542)|
Funding Period: 09/01/2008 to 02/28/2013
This PSC Archive record is displayed for historical reference.