Monday, Dec 9
Sharon Kardia: Genomics in the Health & Retirement Study
a PSC Research Project
Investigator: Daniel J. Kruger
The Prevention Research Center of Michigan (PRC/MI) generates local data to inform research, evaluation, and policy related to health issues and health disparities. The PRC/MI Speak to Your Health! Community Survey was developed through a collaborative process by a Survey Committee composed of members from the University of Michigan?s School of Public Health, the Genesee County Health Department, University of Michigan-Flint, Genesee County Community Action Resource Department, Faith Access to Community Economic Development, and the Flint Odyssey House-Health Awareness Center. The survey was designed to monitor and understand community health and community concerns, monitor the impact of PRC/MI and other health initiatives on community health outcomes, and promote change that improves the health of Genesee County communities.
The Community Survey has been conducted biennially beginning in 2003. To ensure that survey respondents represented all geographic regions of Flint and Genesee County, random samples of households are drawn by Census Tracts. Census tracts in the city of Flint are over-sampled to obtain sufficient data for community intervention efforts focusing on small geographical areas in Flint. At least 20 residents were interviewed for each of the 39 residential Census Tracts in the City of Flint (two additional Census Tracts in Flint had few or no households) and at least 10 from each of the 90 Census Tracts outside of Flint. Randomly selected telephone respondents aged 18 and over are interviewed by professional survey staff at the Michigan Public Health Institute. The final sample size is typically 1750-1850 respondents. Respondent data is geocoded by address to enable spatial analyses and reports of aggregate geographical data.
The survey includes a broad range of health items, many from the CDC's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. These include items on moderate and vigorous exercise and physical and mental health. The survey also includes several items on perceptions of neighborhood conditions, including neighborhood satisfaction, neighborhood social capital, fear of crime, perception of local crime levels, and perceived level of safety when walking around the neighborhood during the daytime and at night.
The PRC/MI will produce publication grade maps of intervention and comparison areas. These maps will include street maps of neighborhoods surrounding parks of interest and maps displaying Community Survey results. Geocoded data from the 2007 and 2009 waves of the Community Surveys will be used to assess the level and adequacy of exercise among survey respondents in these neighborhoods, as well as perceptions of neighborhood conditions for the items listed above. Data from areas of interest will be compared to Flint and Genesee County as a whole.
|Funding (subcontract):||Robert Wood Johnson Foundation|
Funding Period: 03/01/2010 to 12/15/2010