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Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States]: Public Law (P.L.) 94-171

PSC Data Catalog: Study Bibliographic Details:

Access to Files:Data and Documentation
Title:Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States]: Public Law (P.L.) 94-171
Study Number:904
Catalog Date:07/21/2000
Primary Investigator(s):United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Access Restrictions:No
Abstract:Public Law 171 of the 94th Congress was passed in 1975 to help facilitate the one-man-one-vote concept enunciated in 1963. It specifies procedures for conducting the decennial census for those states wishing to participate and makes improvements for reporting the findings as well. As a result of this law, the Census Bureau was authorized to prepare for each state a data file which contains population counts for racial and ethnic groups living in all the jurisdictions of the state. Data files prepared for this series have been obtained by ICPSR from the Census Bureau. Each of these files contains summary statistics for seven groups in the population: Total Population, Whites, Blacks, American Indian, Eskimo and Aleut, Asian and Pacific Islander, Other, and Spanish-Hispanic. Each record in each of the files is a type of census reporting area arranged in hierarchical order. There are 51 data files, one for each of the states plus one for Washington, D.C. Each of the files has the same format of 156-character logical records with characters 1-100 containing identification data and the alphabetic name of the record and characters 101-156 containing the data for the seven population groups. The Census Bureau has produced a file, User Note No.#2, to accompany the PL94-171 series documenting a problem encountered in all but nine states in the series. The file is a list of places split across counties or MCD/CCDs which have two partial records but do not have a ''part'' indicator on either record. Because of the omission of this part indicator, it is not possible to connect the two parts of the same record (place) for analysis purposes. User Note No.#2 will allow researchers to identify these places and use the data for them more easily. The nine states NOT affected are Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Rhode Island, and Vermont. There are 5,971 records (split places) in the file, each with a logical record length of 48.

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