Recovery in Indonesia after the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami
Elizabeth Frankenberg (Duke University)
Monday, 2/23/2015. ARCHIVED EVENT
Location: 6050 ISR Thompson St
This presentation uses data from the Study of the Tsunami Aftermath and Recovery (STAR) to assess short and longer-term impacts of the disaster on demographic and economic outcomes in the Indonesian provinces of Aceh and North Sumatra. STAR is a population-representative longitudinal survey collected from respondents before and for five years after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. At the time of the disaster respondents were living in communities differentially exposed to the waves. Short-term outcomes include mortality, forms of exposure for survivors, and subsequent traumatic stress. Longer-term outcomes include housing, health and fertility, labor force participation, and marriage. The tsunami's toll on the region was enormous. Kinship networks were torn apart, survivors lost homes and business assets, saltwater and silt inundation changed landscapes and soil composition, and physical infrastructure was destroyed. In the decade since, efforts to rebuild have absorbed the money and time of individuals from throughout the province, as well as from elsewhere in Indonesia and throughout the world. The results of these efforts are remarkable. The data tell a story of a region and a population that have made a remarkable recovery from a disaster of immense proportions.