PSC Brown Bag: Taken by Storm: Hurricanes, Migrant Networks, and U.S. Immigration

A PSC Brown Bag Seminar

Dean Yang

Monday, 03/20/2017, 12:00 pm.   ARCHIVED EVENT

Location: 6050 ISR - Thompson

How readily do potential migrants respond to changes in the returns to migration? When there are fixed migration costs, potential migrants can fail to migrate in response to increased migration returns. We explore these issues in the context of migration to the U.S., the world's largest migration destination. We exploit exogenous variation in the returns to migration due to natural disasters (in particular, hurricanes), which reduce the attractiveness of origin locations. Variation in fixed costs comes from differences in previous U.S. migrant stocks from the same country, which can help lower migration fixed costs. Our analysis uses restricted-access U.S. Census data, allowing improved migration estimates and inclusion of small hurricane-prone countries. Our results suggest that networks of prior migrants help reduce immigration barriers, making migration more responsive to the returns to migration. Hurricanes cause immediate increases in U.S. immigration, with the effect concentrated among countries with larger pre-existing stocks of U.S. immigrants. Analysis of administrative immigration data reveals that a key role played by migrant networks is formally sponsoring relatives for legal, permanent immigration.

BIO:

Dean Yang is a Professor in the Department of Economics and the Ford School of Public Policy at the University of Michigan. His current research is primarily on microfinance, international migration, and areas at the intersection of these topics. Other past and current topics of interest include health, disasters, international trade, and political economy. Methodologically, much of his work involves randomized controlled trials in field settings, while other work involves analysis of novel data sources. He is currently running survey work and field experiments on microlending in Malawi and on HIV/AIDS interventions in central Mozambique. His past and current field research locations include El Salvador, Guatemala, Indonesia, Malawi, Mozambique, and the Philippines, as well as migrant populations of Filipinos in Italy, Indians in Qatar, and Salvadorans and Kenyans in the U.S. He teaches courses in development economics and microeconomics at the undergraduate, master, and Ph.D. levels. A native of the Philippines, he received his undergraduate and Ph.D. degrees in economics from Harvard University.

PSC Brown Bag seminars highlight recent research in population studies and serve as a focal point for building our research community.

Forthcoming . Past . Next

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Barbara Anderson comments in NYT on Federal Law that protects citizenship status data from distribution by the Census Bureau

Anderson discusses impact of Administration's ongoing pursuit of Citizenship information around the 2020 Census with Michigan Radio

Burgard correlates job insecurity higher with negative overall health and depression than the impact of job loss and regain

More News

Highlights

Colter Mitchell receives Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE)

Frey receives 2019 ASA Distinguished Contributions to Teaching Award

More Highlights


Connect with PSC follow PSC on Twitter Like PSC on Facebook