The Third Shift: Multiple Job Holding and the Incarceration of Women's Partners

a Presentation

Angela Bruns

Wednesday, 10/3/2018, 1:30pm.   ARCHIVED EVENT

Location: 6050 ISR Thompson

A large body of research documents the sensitivity of women's employment to changing family circumstances, but we know little about the relationship between partner incarceration-a common family transition in the lives of disadvantaged women-and employment. Despite reasons to suspect that changes in resources associated with incarceration have consequences for the employment of family members, previous research suggests that partner incarceration does not influence the number of hours women work at their main jobs. This paper uses data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N=3,835) to examine how partner incarceration is associated with multiple job holding, an alternative strategy for increasing earnings. Results show that women with incarcerated partners are more likely to work multiple jobs than women in otherwise similar circumstances, suggesting partner incarceration is linked to a "third shift"-to additional employment on top of the paid work and caregiving women already do


Dr. Angela Bruns is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Michigan, Population Studies Center. She received her PhD in Sociology from the University of Washington, Seattle. Dr. Bruns' research investigates how social inequality impacts the health and economic well-being of low-income women and their families. She focuses on families’ involvement with two institutions: mass incarceration and the low-wage labor market. Current projects examine how women manage the financial hardships associated with the imprisonment of their romantic partners, how the conditions of low-wage jobs influence work-family balance, and the impact of multiple job holding on maternal and child well-being. Dr. Bruns' postdoctoral fellowship is supported by PSC's Social Science Training Program in Population Studies, which is sponsored by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development of the National Institutes of Health.

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