Longer lives, Later Births: Implications for Generational Overlap in Denmark
Marcia J. Carlson (University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Sociology)
Monday, 11/18/2019, 12:00 pm. ARCHIVED EVENT
Location: ISR-Thompson 1430
Fertility and mortality trends are the most fundamental determinants of human populations, and Western industrialized countries have witnessed notable changes in these patterns in recent decades: fertility rates have declined, and life expectancy has continued to increase. While demographers and other social scientists have explored the broad implications of population aging, less well understood are the individual-level consequences of conjoint changing fertility and mortality patterns. In particular, there is limited information about the extent to which life courses overlap today versus in prior decades and the implications of such. In this paper, we provide new evidence about generational overlap between grandparents and grandchildren using population register data from Denmark. We describe changing patterns of grandparents being alive-and life expectancy-at grandchildren's birth. Then, we evaluate differences in these patterns by socioeconomic status. These findings have implications for the transmission of inequality, as well as resource demands on governments.
Marcia (Marcy) J. Carlson is Professor of Sociology and Director of the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Her primary research interests center on the links between family contexts and the wellbeing of children and parents. Her recent work is focused on changing patterns of parenthood and family complexity, including differences by socioeconomic status. She has published in a range of demography, family and general social science journals. Dr. Carlson completed her Ph.D. in PSC's Demography Training Program.