House, Burgard, Schoeni et al find that unemployment and recession have contrasting effects on mortality risk
"Joblessness could kill you, but recessions could be good for your health" - Science Codex. 7/24/2014.
Although unemployment increases mortality among the unemployed, economic slowdowns appear to have other health-promoting effects that decrease mortality at the population level, including reduced atmospheric pollution and traffic fatalities. Study investigators include José Tapia, James House, Edward Ionides, Sarah Burgard, and Robert Schoeni.