Bailey, Malkova, Norling

Family planning programs and poverty

6/19/2014 feature story

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Martha J. Bailey
Olga Malkova

Publication Information:

Bailey, Martha J., Olga Malkova, and Johannes Norling. 2014. "Do Family Planning Programs Decrease Poverty? Evidence from Public Census Data." CESifo Economic Studies, 60(2): 312-337. PMCID: PMC4206087.

This article provides new evidence that family planning programs are associated with a decrease in the share of children and adults living in poverty. Our research design exploits the county roll-out of US family planning programs in the late 1960s and early 1970s and examines their relationship with poverty rates in the short and longer-term in public census data. We find that cohorts born after federal family planning programs began were less likely to live in poverty in childhood and that these same cohorts were less likely to live in poverty as adults

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