Monthly Archive for April, 2008

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Health Disparities

Disparities: Wealth Factor Seen in Mammogram Rates
Eric Nagourney | NY TIMES
March 25, 2008
Article based on Williams, 2008. “Screening Mammography in Older Women: Effect of Wealth and Prognosis” Arch Intern Med. Vol 168 (March):514-520.

Belly Fat and Dementia

Kaiser Permanente study shows that a larger abdomen in midlife increases risk of dementia
The press release is based on the following citation:
Whitmer, F. D. Gustafson, E. Barrett-Connor, M. Haan, E. Gunderson, K. Yaffe. 2008 .

Funding Opportunities

Gender, Youth and HIV Risk (R01), RFA-HD-08-013
Gender, Youth and HIV Risk (R21), RFA-HD-08-017

Heck of a Job [Editorial on the Census]

Another Heck of a Job
Editorial | NY TIMES
April 10, 2008
The Bush administration won’t save the census, which is central to American democracy. But Congress can.

Latin America and the Caribbean statistical yearbook 2007

From the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

From press release:

A leading reference source for social, economic and environmental information on the region, the Statistical Yearbook for Latin America and the Caribbean 2007, produced by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), is now available on ECLAC’s webpage.

The Yearbook is divided into four chapters:

* Chapter one covers demographic and social areas, with special attention to gender;
* Chapter two presents basic economic information, including production, prices, international trade, balance of payments and national accounts;
* Chapter three provides information on natural resources and the environment, in response to increasing regional and international interest in sustainable development; and
* Chapter four provides readers with methodological and other data on sources, definitions and coverage of the statistics cited.

Spanish; English

Parent-Reported Sleep Problems During Development

Parent-Reported Sleep Problems During Development and Self-reported Anxiety/Depression, Attention Problems, and Aggressive Behavior Later in Life
Alice M. Gregory, Jan Van der Ende, Thomas A. Willis, and Frank C. Verhulst
Source: Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine

Sleep problems are risk indicators of later emotional difficulties in childhood and adolescence and in adulthood, as well as across these developmental periods. Although most research, to date, has focused on symptoms of insomnia in association with emotional difficulties, there is emerging evidence that other sleep and sleep-related problems (referred to herein as sleep problems) may also be linked to subsequent difficulties that are not only emotional but also behavioral. Indeed, results of one study demonstrated that a composite of different sleep problems predicted symptoms of anxiety and depression, attention problems, and aggression later in life. For knowledge concerning links between sleep problems and later emotional and behavioral difficulties to be maximally beneficial to the physician, clarification of which particular sleep problems are associated with later difficulties is paramount. Toward this aim, this article documents associations between parental perceptions of 6 aspects of sleep (examined during development) and subsequent self-reported emotional and behavioral difficulties in a representative sample of 2076 participants from Zuid-Holland. This study is novel in allowing comparison of different types of sleep problems as predictors of different types of later behavioral and emotional problems. Based on previous research, associations between different aspects of sleep and different types of emotional and behavioral problems were expected, but hypotheses concerning specific patterns of association were considered premature.

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Short Sleep Duration in Infancy and Risk of Childhood Overweight

Authors: Elsie M. Taveras, Sheryl L. Rifas-Shiman, Emily Oken, Erica P. Gunderson, and Matthew W. Gillman
Source: Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 162(4):305-311

Daily sleep duration of less than 12 hours during infancy appears to be a risk factor for overweight and adiposity in preschool-aged children.

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New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor

How Hurricanes Affect Employment and Wages in Local Labor Markets
(forthcoming in: American Economic Review, Papers and Proceedings, May 2008)
Ariel R. Belasen and Solomon Polachek
Abstract; PDF

Qualifying Religion: The Role of Plural Identities for Educational Production
Timo Boppart, Josef Falkinger, Volker Grossmann, Ulrich Woitek, and Gabriela Wüthrich
Abstract; PDF

Tobacco and Alcohol: Complements or Substitutes? A Structural Model Approach
Harald Tauchmann, Silja Göhlmann, Till Requate, and Christoph M. Schmidt
Abstract; PDF

Meta-Analysis of Empirical Evidence on the Labour Market Impacts of Immigration
Simonetta Longhi, Peter Nijkamp, and Jacques Poot
Abstract; PDF

Migration and the Wage Curve: A Structural Approach to Measure the Wage and Employment Effects of Migration
Herbert Brücker and Elke J. Jahn
Abstract; PDF

Econometric Causality
(forthcoming in: International Statistical Review)
James J. Heckman
Abstract; PDF

Public lecture, U-M Center for Global Health

Albrecht Jahn, Ph.D., will discuss “Safe Pregnancy and Childbirth: A Test Case for Global Health,” Monday, April 14, 2008, 4pm – 5pm, 1655 Crossroads Building, School of Public Health I, 109 S. Observatory St.

Migration to Hot Housing Markets Cools Off

Source: Brookings Institution
By: William H. Frey

Migration to America’s fastest-growing areas has tapered off in the last year, newly released Census data show. The slowdown is sharpest in places where growth was fueled in large part by the decade’s hot housing market—Florida, the Mountain West and ex-urban counties.

At the same time, the formerly foot-loose residents of coastal California, Northeast and Midwest cities and inner suburbs are mostly staying put. This “migration correction�? is a response to the housing market correction that has kept would-be buyers from locating to previously hot areas, and in many cases, keeping them from selling existing homes in the established locales.

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Charts and Tables:
Annual Growth Chart
Table A
Table B
Table C