Monthly Archive for March, 2009

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New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Gender Differences in Risk Behaviour: Does Nurture Matter?
Alison L. Booth, Patrick J. Nolen
Abstract; PDF
Choosing to Compete: The Role of Single-Sex Education
Alison L. Booth, Patrick J. Nolen
Abstract; PDF
Access to Higher Education and Inequality: The Chinese Experiment
Xiaojun Wang, Belton M. Fleisher, Haizheng Li, Shi Li
Abstract; PDF
Re-Constructing Childhood Health Histories
James P. Smith
Abstract; PDF
Literacy Traps: Society-wide Education and Individual Skill Premia
Vidya Atal, Kaushik Basu, John Gray, Travis Lee
Abstract; PDF
How Does Household Production Affect Measured Income Inequality?
Harley Frazis, Jay Stewart
Abstract; PDF

Welfare-to-Work Program Benefits and Costs: A Synthesis of Research

Welfare-to-Work Program Benefits and Costs: A Synthesis of Research
David Greenberg, Victoria Deitch, and Gayle Hamilton
Source: MDRC

Over the past two decades, federal and state policymakers have dramatically reshaped the nation’s system of cash welfare assistance for low-income families. During this period, there has been considerable variation from state to state in approaches to welfare reform, which are often collectively referred to as “welfare-to-work programs.” To help states assess various program approaches in an informed way, this report draws on an extraordinary body of evidence: results from 28 benefit-cost studies of welfare-to-work programs based on random assignment evaluation designs.

Executive Summary (PDF)
Full Report (PDF)

Decade of Neglect Has Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2008

Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2008
By: Michael Hoefer, Nancy Rytina, and Bryan C. Baker
Source: Department of Homeland Security

This report provides estimates of the number of unauthorized immigrants residing in the United States as of January 2008 by period of entry, region and country of origin, state of residence, age and gender. The estimates were obtained using the “residual” methodology employed for estimates of the unauthorized population in 2007 (see Hoefer, Rytina and Baker, 2008). The unauthorized resident population is the remainder or “residual” after estimates of the legally resident foreign-born population – legal permanent residents (LPRs), asylees, refugees, and nonimmigrants – are subtracted from estimates of the total foreign-born population. Data to estimate the legally resident population were obtained primarily from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) while the American Community Survey (ACS) of the U.S. Census Bureau was the source for estimates of the total foreign-born population.

Full report (PDF)

New Book Acquisitions

Demographic Challenges for the 21st Century: A State of the Art in Demography
Edited by: Johan Surkyn, Patrick Deboosere and Jan Van Bavel

In February 2007, a conference entitled ’Demographic Challenges for the 21st Century: A state of the Art in Demography’ was organised at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel in honour of Ron Lesthaeghe, who had recently retired from this institution as a professor in demography and social science research methodology. During the 35 years Ron Lesthaeghe worked at the university, he established himself as a passionate researcher in many fields, as a gifted teacher who enthused several generations of students, and as a scholar publishing highly influential work which has changed the face of demography.

This book offers a collection of contributions, presented by friends and colleagues on the occasion of that conference. Therefore it is not a Liber Amicorum that concentrates on personal impressions. Instead, it is inspired by Ron Lesthaeghe’s work and covers many of the fields he was engaged in, together with the research group ’Interface Demography’ which he founded in the late 1980’s. In addition, a tribute from Frans Willekens opens this volume with a brief precis of his academic biography and the significance of his contribution to demography.

New Findings from Families and Living Arrangements

As Baby Boomers Age, Fewer Families Have Children Under 18 at Home
Source: America’s Families and Living Arrangements, Current Population Survey, U.S. Census

From Press Release:

With declining fertility rates and the aging of baby boomers, the percentage of families with their own child living at home decreased to 46 percent in 2008, from 52 percent in 1950, according to new data from the U.S. Census Bureau.

The findings come from America’s Families and Living Arrangements: 2008, a collection of 2008 Current Population Survey (CPS) statistics on family and nonfamily households, characteristics of single-parent families, living arrangements of children and data on married and unmarried couples. The CPS has been conducted annually since 1940.

“Decreases in the percentage of families with their own child under 18 at home reflect the aging of the population and changing fertility patterns,” said Rose Kreider, family demographer at the U.S. Census Bureau. “In 2008, not only were baby boomers old enough that most of their children were 18 and over, but they were having fewer kids than their parents, as well.”

In 1950, 52 percent of family households had their own child under 18. During the years when the baby boomers were young, this percentage increased, reaching 57 percent in the early 1960s. In 2008, however, when the baby boomers were about ages 44 to 62, and likely to be householders themselves, the percentage of families with a child had declined to 46 percent.

Detailed Tables

Grandparents and Adolescent Adjustment

Grandparenting and Adolescent Adjustment in Two-Parent Biological, Lone-Parent, and Step-Families
By: Shalhevet Attar-Schwartz, Jo-Pei Tan, Ann Buchanan, Julia Griggs, and Eirini Flouri
Source: Journal of Family Psychology
From press release:

Spending time with a grandparent is linked with better social skills and fewer behavior problems among adolescents, especially those living in single-parent or stepfamily households, according to a new study.
This study, appearing in the February Journal of Family Psychology, published by the American Psychological Association, found that children and adolescents whose parents have separated or divorced see their grandparents as confidants and sources of comfort.

Full text (PDF)