Monthly Archive for September, 2009

New Families and Work Institute Study Reveals Declines in the Health of the American Workforce

The State of Health in the American Workforce
By: Kerstin Aumann and Ellen Galinsky
Source: Families and Work Institute

In the midst of the most vigorous national health care debate in 15 years, and at a time of heightened economic insecurity, new data on employers show that the health of employed American workers is trending downward in a number of important areas. The State of Health in the American Workforce, a report released today by the Families and Work Institute (FWI), finds that only 28% of employees today report that their overall health is “excellent,” down from 34% just six years ago. Perhaps surprisingly, men’s overall health has declined more rapidly than women’s. The report also sheds light on the relationship between an effective workplace and employee health, underlining the significant role that employers play beyond providing health insurance and wellness programs.

Full text (PDF)

World Development Report 2010

World Development Report 2010
Source: World Bank
From Press Release:
Developing countries can shift to lower-carbon paths while promoting development and reducing poverty, but this depends on financial and technical assistance from high-income countries, says World Development Report 2010: Development and Climate Change.
High-income countries also need to act quickly to reduce their carbon footprints and boost development of alternative energy sources to help tackle climate change. If they act now, a ‘climate-smart’ world is feasible, and the costs for getting there will be high but still manageable.
Download individual chapters (advance press edition)

Nation’s Teen Vaccination Coverage Increasing, Variability Observed By Area, Race/Ethnicity, and Poverty Status

Nation′s Teen Vaccination Coverage Increasing, Variability Observed By Area, Race/Ethnicity, and Poverty Status
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

From Press Release:

Vaccine coverage rates for the nation’s preteens and teens are increasing, but nationally, rates remain low for the vaccines specifically recommended for preteens, according to 2008 estimates released today by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

“Vaccination coverage for teens is moving up, but much work remains,” said Melinda Wharton, M.D., Deputy Director of the CDC’s National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases. “We have the most room for improvement for the vaccines that are recommended at 11 or 12 years of age, and for making sure that teens who are not immune to chickenpox receive the vaccine as recommended.”

The National Immunization Survey (NIS) estimates the proportion of teens aged 13 through 17 years who have received six recommended vaccines by the time they are surveyed. Three of these are recommended to be given at age 11 or 12 years: the tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap), the meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MCV4), and, for girls, the human papillomavirus vaccine (HPV4). If missed at this age, the vaccines can be given in the teen years. The survey also covers three other vaccines, which are recommended to be given earlier in life: measles, mumps and rubella vaccine (MMR), hepatitis B vaccine (HepB), and varicella (chickenpox) vaccine. Preteens and teens should get all recommended doses of these vaccines if they missed them when they were younger. All doses are counted, no matter when they were received.

2008 National Immunization Survey Data Released

Why Do People Give? The Role of Identity in Giving

Why Do People Give? The Role of Identity in Giving
By: Jennifer L. Aaker; Satoshi Akutsu
Source: Stanford Graduate School of Business Research Papers

Why do people give to others? One principal driver involves one’s identity: who one is and how they view themselves. The degree to which identities are malleable, involve a readiness to act, and help make sense of the world have significant implications determining whether and how much people give. Drawing on the Identity-Based Motivation model (IBM; Oyserman, 2009), we provide a tripartite framework to help advance the research on the psychology of giving.

Full text (PDF)

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Tipping and Residential Segregation: A Unified Schelling Model
Junfu Zhang
Abstract; PDF

The Right Amount of Trust
Jeffrey V. Butler, Paola Giuliano, Luigi Guiso
Abstract; PDF

The Effect of the Timing and Spacing of Births on the Level of Labor Market Involvement of Married Women
Kenneth Troske, Alexandru Voicu
Abstract; PDF

The Causal Effect of Education on Wages Revisited
Matt Dickson
Abstract; PDF

Do as the Neighbors Do: The Impact of Social Networks on Immigrant Employment
Fredrik Andersson, Simon Burgess, Julia Lane
Abstract; PDF

Modelling Charitable Donations to an Unexpected Natural Disaster: Evidence from the U.S. Panel Study of Income Dynamics
Sarah Brown, Mark N. Harris, Karl Taylor
Abstract; PDF

Immigrants and Employer-Provided Training
Alan Barrett, Seamus McGuinness, Martin O’Brien, Philip J. O’Connell
Abstract; PDF

Do Means-Tested School Lunch Subsidies Change Children’s Weekly Consumption Patterns?
Larry L. Howard, Nishith Prakash
Abstract; PDF

Estimating Employment Dynamics across Occupations and Sectors of Industry
(forthcoming in: Journal of Macroeconomics, 2010)
Frank Cörvers, Arnaud Dupuy
Abstract; PDF

Disability and Skill Mismatch
Melanie K. Jones, Peter J. Sloane
Abstract; PDF