Monthly Archive for June, 2014

Declining Teen Births in U.S.

Via Population Reference Bureau
By Heidi Worley

From the article:

(June 2014) Births to U.S. teenage girls ages 15 to 17 have decreased by 63 percent over the past 20 years (from 39 per 1,000 teens in 1991 to 14 per 1,000 teens in 2012), according to the latest statistics released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). With an 8 percent decline between 2011 and 2012, the birth rate for teens ages 15 to 17 is at its lowest level ever recorded in the United States.

Full text of article

Vital Signs: Births to Teens Aged 15-17 Years — United States, 1991-2012, from the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Births: Final Data for 2012, National Vital Statistics Report 62(9) (PDF)

PRB Interview with Doug Wolf on Late-Life Disability and Long-Term Care

From the website:

(June 2014) Douglas Wolf discussed disability and long-term care policy in the U.S. with Marlene Lee, PRB program director for Academic Research and Relations. Wolf is the Gerald B. Cramer Professor of Aging Studies in the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs and director of the Center for Aging & Policy Research at Syracuse University.

View the video

UNHCR Global Trends 2013

Via The UN Refugee Agency Statistics and Operational Data

From the e-mail announcement:

The report provides an overview of the statistical trends and changes in the global populations of concern to UNHCR, i.e. refugees, returnees, stateless persons and certain groups of internally displaced persons (IDPs), placed in the context of major humanitarian developments and displacement during the year.

By end-2013, 51.2 million individuals were forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, generalized violence, or human rights violations. It is the first time in the post-World War II era that numbers have exceeded 50 million people. Some 16.7 million persons were refugees: 11.7 million under UNHCR’s mandate and 5.0 million Palestinian refugees registered by UNRWA. The global figure included 33.3 million IDPs and close to 1.2 million asylum-seekers. If these 51.2 million persons were a nation, they would make up the 26th largest in the world.

Download the report (PDF)

Breaking News: Protect the 2020 Census

Senator David Vitter (R-LA) has filed an amendment to the FY2015 Commerce, Justice, and Science Appropriations bill (H.R. 4660), being considered now in the U.S. Senate, that would prohibit the Census Bureau from spending funds on the 2020 Census unless it includes questions regarding U.S. citizenship and immigration status. [Source: APDU]

Below are links to talking points related to this amendment:
Vitter Amendment Talking Points [from the Census Project]

Vitter Census Amendment to Require Questions about Illegal Aliens [Press Release, David Vitter]

Supreme Court rebuffs Louisiana’s 2010 Census Suit [PSC Info Blog]

Apportionment Resources: Legal [PSC Info Blog]

QSEP Research Reports

Population Consequences of Male Selection at Birth When The Sex Probabilities Can Be Altered
by Frank T. Denton and Byron G. Spencer
We explore the implications of male preference stopping rules for a stable population, and more generally the aggregate implications of higher male/female birth ratios. We begin by specifying nine alternative family stopping rules, derive their probability functions, and simulate the long-run effects on population growth rates and age and sex ratios. We then move away from the idea of explicit stopping rules and simulate the population effects of 81 alternative combinations of birth sex ratios and fertility rates under (implicit) preference for male children. The results show how male preference and fertility choices at the individual family level can affect the overall characteristics of a population.
Download PDF

Changes in Wage Distributions of Wage Earners in Canada: 2000-2005
by Kao-Lee Liaw and Lei Xu
This research attempts to figure out whether the wage distributions of Canadian wage earners have been moving towards or away from the flowing three ideals in the early part of the 21th century. First, there be a pattern of wage increase that is shared by a large majority of wage earners. Second, the historical gender inequality in wage be reduced. Third, there be a decrease in wage inequality for both males and females. We use the long-form records of the 2001 and 2006 population censuses to carry out our investigation. A nice feature of these records is that the values of income variables are not top-coded so that the true averages will not be understated and good insights into the situations of those with extremely high incomes can be obtained. We are disappointed by finding that the Canadian economy mostly drifted away from our three ideals, with the main exception being that for female wage earners the improvement in wage was fortunately shared by a large majority. We believe that an important reason for our disappointing finding is the progressive entrenchment of market fundamentalism in Canada. Incidentally, we have discovered that Statistics Canada did a good job in designing the 2006 census questionnaire so that the annoying choppiness that occurred to the 2000 wage distributions vanished in the 2005 wage distributions.
Download PDF

Changes to NIH Biosketch

NIH is rolling out a new biosketch format. See details.

Working Papers from NBER

The Effect of Medical Marijuana Laws on Marijuana, Alcohol, and Hard Drug Use
by Hefei Wen, Jason M. Hockenberry, Janet R. Cummings #20085
Abstract; PDF

The Long Term Impact of Cash Transfers to Poor Families
by Anna Aizer, Shari Eli, Joseph Ferrie, Adriana Lleras-Muney #20103
Abstract; PDF

Race, Ethnicity, and Discriminatory Zoning
by Allison Shertzer, Tate Twinam, Randall P. Walsh #20108
Abstract; PDF

Asset Pricing with Countercyclical Household Consumption Risk
by George M. Constantinides, Anisha Ghosh #20110
Abstract; PDF

The Effect of Public Insurance Coverage for Childless Adults on Labor Supply
by Laura Dague, Thomas DeLeire, Lindsey Leininger #20111
Abstract; PDF

Effects of Maternal Depression on Family Food Insecurity
by Kelly Noonan, Hope Corman, Nancy E. Reichman #20113
Abstract; PDF

Immigration, Search, and Redistribution: A Quantitative Assessment of Native Welfare
by Michele Battisti, Gabriel Felbermayr, Giovanni Peri, Panu Poutvaara #20131
Abstract; PDF

The Behavioralist as Nutritionist: Leveraging Behavioral Economics To Improve Child Food Choice and Consumption
by John A. List, Anya Savikhin Samek #20132
Abstract; PDF

Can Variation in Subgroups’ Average Treatment Effects Explain Treatment Effect Heterogeneity? Evidence from a Social Experiment
by Marianne P. Bitler, Jonah B. Gelbach, Hilary W. Hoynes #20142
Abstract; PDF

Aggregate Fertility and Household Savings: A General Equilibrium Analysis using Micro Data
by Abhijit Banerjee, Xin Meng, Tommaso Porzio, Nancy Qian #20050
Abstract; PDF

The Distributional Preferences of Americans
by Raymond Fisman, Pamela Jakiela, Shachar Kariv #20145
Abstract; PDF

How Did Distributional Preferences Change During the Great Recession?
by Raymond Fisman, Pamela Jakiela, Shachar Kariv #20146
Abstract; PDF

Impacts of the Affordable Care Act Dependent Coverage Provision on Health-Related Outcomes of Young Adults
by Silvia Barbaresco, Charles J. Courtemanche, Yanling Qi #20148
Abstract; PDF

Who do Unions Target? Unionization over the Life-Cycle of U.S. Businesses
by Emin M. Dinlersoz, Jeremy Greenwood, Henry R. Hyatt #20151
Abstract; PDF

A Revealed Preference Approach to the Elicitation of Political Attitudes: Experimental Evidence on Anti-Americanism in Pakistan
by Leonardo Bursztyn, Michael J. Callen, Bruno Ferman, Syed Ali Hasanain, Noam Yuchtman #20153
Abstract; PDF

When Does Education Matter? The Protective Effect of Education for Cohorts Graduating in Bad Times
by David M. Cutler, Wei Huang, Adriana Lleras-Muney #20156
Abstract; PDF

Public Health Insurance Expansions and Hospital Technology Adoption
by Seth M. Freedman, Haizhen Lin, Kosali I. Simon #20159
Abstract; PDF

Collusion at the Extensive Margin
by Martin Byford, Joshua Gans #20163
Abstract; PDF

Human Capital Effects of Anti-Poverty Programs: Evidence from a Randomized Housing Voucher Lottery
by Brian Jacob, Max Kapustin, Jens Ludwig #20164
Abstract; PDF

The Career Prospects of Overeducated Americans
by Brian Clark, Clement Joubert, Arnaud Maurel #20167
Abstract; PDF

To Charge or Not to Charge: Evidence from a Health Products Experiment in Uganda
by Greg Fischer, Dean Karlan, Margaret McConnell, Pia Raffler #20170
Abstract; PDF

Culture: Persistence and Evolution
by Francesco Giavazzi, Ivan Petkov, Fabio Schiantarelli #20174
Abstract; PDF

The Effect of Child Health Insurance Access on Schooling: Evidence from Public Insurance Expansions
by Sarah Cohodes, Samuel Kleiner, Michael F. Lovenheim, Daniel Grossman #20178
Abstract; PDF

Social Distance and Quality Ratings in Charity Choice
by Alexander L. Brown, Jonathan Meer, J. Forrest Williams #20182
Abstract; PDF

Quantifying the Lasting Harm to the U.S. Economy from the Financial Crisis
by Robert E. Hall #20183
Abstract; PDF

Trends in Migration to the U.S.

From the Population Reference Bureau:

The number of international migrants more than doubled between 1980 and 2010, from 103 million to 220 million. In 2013, the number of international migrants was 232 million and is projected to double to over 400 million by 2050.

Publication’s webpage
Full Report (PDF)