Monthly Archive for January, 2017

Muzzling Federal Scientists

Breaking news: scientists in selected federal agencies have been told to no longer update their websites with reports, factsheets, etc. Here’s a summary of the memo that the Environmental Protection Agency got:

The memo said there would be no press releases, social media posts or blog messages until further notice. It also asked for a list of external speaking engagements for staff and any planned webinars. It warned that listservs would be reviewed and that staff should “only send out critical messages, as messages can be shared broadly and end up in the press.”

Federal Workers Told To Halt External Communication In First Week Under Trump
Sam Stein | Huffington Post
January 24, 2017

Trump bans EPA employees from giving social media updates
Mallory Shellbourne | The Hill
January 24, 2017

Trump Administration Moves to Muzzle Scientists, Block Research
Union of Concerned Scientists | http://www.ucsusa.org/
January 24, 2017

USDA science researchers ordered to stop publishing news releases, other documents
Jose DelReal | Washington Post
January 24, 2017

Information lockdown hits Trump’s federal agencies
Andrew Restuccia, Alex Guillen and Nancy Cook | Politico
January 24, 2017

[Additional News]

Note, that this happened under the Harper government in Canada [summary]. And Canadian scientists warned US scientists of this possibility a month ago:

Canadian Scientists Warn U.S. Colleagues: Act Now to Protect Science under Trump
Dina Fine Maron | Scientific American
December 20, 2016

Quiz: Indicators of Child Well-Being, United States

Indicators of Child Well-Being

Federal Policy for Protection of Human Subjects

A final update to the regulations that govern Human Subjects research that have been in place since 1991 was released today. The original notice to update/change the Common Rule was proposed in Fall 2015 with an opportunity for reactions to it. And, plenty of folks made comments about some of the proposed revisions and at least some of these were dropped. The Science article below briefly discusses the controversial consent proposal, while the Bill of Health Blog gives a quick overview of what stays the same and what has changed. The Bill of Health blog also discusses some implementation issues, e.g., could the 115th Congress reject this, etc.

Update: U.S. abandons controversial consent proposal on using human research samples
Jocelyn Kaiser | Science
January 18, 2017

Final Common Rule Revisions Just Published
Holly Fernandez Lynch | Bill of Health Blog
January 18, 2017

Final rule enhances protections for research participants, modernizes oversight system
Press Release | Health and Human Services
January 18, 2017

Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects
Document Number 2017-01058 | Federal Register
January 17, 2017

This rule is effective on January 19, 2018. The compliance date for this rule, except for Sec. __.114(b) (cooperative research), is January 19, 2018. The compliance date for Sec. __.114(b) (cooperative research) is January 20, 2020.

RAPID Research Community Alert
Dr. S. Jack Hu | Institutional Office for Human Subjects Research [University of Michigan]
January 30, 2017

Selected comments to the original proposed Common Rule
Researchers decry consent proposal
Jocelyn Kaiser | Science
May 20, 2016

Health ABC data available through NIA website

NIA’s Health, Aging and Body Composition (Health ABC) Study is now available on NIA’s website for qualified researchers.

The Health, Aging and Body Composition (Health ABC) Study began in 1997 and collected data for 17 years on a cohort of older black and white adults living in Memphis and Pittsburgh. Participants were aged 70-79 at baseline…

…[It] is an interdisciplinary study focused on risk factors for functional decline in healthy older people. With a particular focus on change in body composition with age, the study was designed to address differences in onset of functional limitation, disability, and longevity between older men and women, as well as between blacks and whites.

Read more on the Inside NIA blog.

Mapping gun violence

The Guardian has some interesting maps showing where gun violence is concentrated, by city and neighborhood.

Even within those cities, violence is further concentrated in the tiny neighborhood areas that saw two or more gun homicide incidents in a single year.

Four and a half million Americans live in areas of these cities with the highest numbers of gun homicide, which are marked by intense poverty, low levels of education, and racial segregation. Geographically, these neighborhood areas are small: a total of about 1,200 neighborhood census tracts, which, laid side by side, would fit into an area just 42 miles wide by 42 miles long.

H/T Flowing Data

New Orleans Bail System

The Vera Institute of Justice released a report finding that New Orleans collected $4.5 million in the form of bail, fines and fees, another $4.7 million was paid to for-profit bail bond agents and in 2015, the city spent $6.4 million to jail those who could not afford the bail, fines and fees.

Last week the New Orleans city council voted unanimously to end bail requirements for most nonviolent city crimes. However, it won’t do much to reduce the portion of the jail population who could not afford bail, fees and fines (about 550 people) because most of them have been charged with felonies and excluded misdemeanors or state crimes.

H/T FiveThirtyEight

History of Human Development in 5 Charts

Our World In Data put together 5 charts which show how global living conditions have changed over the last two centuries. The topics include poverty, literacy, health, freedom, fertility, and education.

H/T Urban Demographics

Quiz: Television Popularity

Television Popularity