The Fall and Rise of US Inequities in Premature Mortality: 1960-2002

Nancy Krieger*, David H. Rehkopf, Jarvis T. Chen, Pamela D. Waterman, Enrico Marcelli¤b, Malinda Kennedy

PLoS Med 5(2) February 2008: e46.doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0050046

Background: Debates exist as to whether, as overall population health improves, the absolute and relative magnitude of income- and race/ethnicity-related health disparities necessarily increase – or decrease. We accordingly decided to test the hypothesis that health inequities widen-or shrink-in a context of declining mortality rates, by examining annual US mortality data over a 42 year period.

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