Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Shaefer says complex reasons for poverty make solutions challenging

Anderson discusses excess deaths under Stalin with BBC

More Fulbright Scholars from U-M than from any other research university in the US

More News

Highlights

Apply by 2/23 for Weinberg Population, Development & Climate Change funding

Needham, Hicken, Mitchell and colleagues link maternal social disadvantage and newborn telomere length

New Investigator Mentoring Program. Applications due Mar 1

PSC launches new program to support population scientists across U-M

More Highlights

Next Brown Bag

Mon, March 5, 2018, noon: Judith Seltzer on Family Complexity

Perceived Costs and Benefits of Early Childbearing: New Dimensions and Predictive Power

Publication Abstract

Hayford, S., K. Guzzo, Yasamin Kusunoki, and Jennifer S. Barber. 2016. "Perceived Costs and Benefits of Early Childbearing: New Dimensions and Predictive Power." Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 48(2): 83-91.

CONTEXT Understanding the causes of early childbearing is important for reducing the persistently high rates of early births in the United States. Perceptions of possible benefits may contribute to these rates, while high opportunity costs may dissuade women from early childbearing. METHODS Perceptions of costs and benefits of pregnancy, as well as later experiences of pregnancy, were assessed for 701 nulligravid women aged 18-22 who entered the Relationship Dynamics and Social Life study in 2008-2009 and were interviewed weekly for up to 30 months. Bivariate t tests, chi-square tests and multivariable discrete-time event history analyses were used to assess associations of perceived personal consequences of childbearing (e.g., predicted financial costs), goals in potentially competing domains (opportunity costs) and social norms with subsequent pregnancy. RESULTS Twenty percent of women reported that early childbearing would have more positive than negative personal consequences. Compared with other women, those who had a pregnancy during follow-up had, at baseline, more positive perceptions of the personal consequences of pregnancy and of their friends' approval of pregnancy, and greater desire for consumer goods. In multivariable analyses, only the scales assessing perceived personal consequences of childbearing and friends' approval of childbearing were associated with pregnancy (odds ratios, 2.0 and 1.2, respectively). Goals in potentially competing domains were not associated with pregnancy. CONCLUSION Young women's perceptions of consequences of early childbearing predict subsequent pregnancy. That these perceptions are distinct from childbearing desires and from other dimensions of costs and benefits illustrates the complex attitudinal underpinnings of reproductive behavior.

DOI:10.1363/48e9116 (Full Text)

ISBN: 1931-2393

PMCID: PMC4909541. (Pub Med Central)

Browse | Search : All Pubs