Impacts of Migration on Households in the Dry Zone, Myanmar
In 2014 an estimated 12% of all Myanmar households had internal migrants and 8% had international migrants - proportions projected to grow significantly within the next decade. This study analyzes data from Myanmar's 2017 Dry Zone Migration Impact Survey to assess the impacts of migration on households in migration-source areas. It examines characteristics and patterns of migration in the Dry Zone, distinguishing between economic and non-economic migration, and the extent to which migration affects material wellbeing and livelihoods experienced by migrant-sending versus non-migrant households. It also examines the economic and social implications of migration for household members remaining in the Dry Zone. Specifically, it evaluates the wellbeing and unmet needs of potentially vulnerable segments of the population left behind in migrant-sending households, including dependent children and other family members in need of personal care (e.g., the elderly and disabled). Based on the empirical findings, the authors discuss how policy and support can be enhanced to increase the positive impacts of migration on migrant-sending households and to address its negative consequences.
Country of focus: Myanmar.