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A developmental perspective on alcohol use and heavy drinking during adolescence and the transition to young adulthood

Publication Abstract

Schulenberg, John E., and Jennifer L. Maggs. 2002. "A developmental perspective on alcohol use and heavy drinking during adolescence and the transition to young adulthood." Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, S14: 54-70.

This article offers a developmental perspective on college drinking by focusing on broad developmental themes during adolescence and the transition to young adulthood. A literature review was conducted. Results indicate that the transition to college involves major individual and contextual change in every domain of life; at the same time, heavy drinking and associated problems increase during this transition. A developmental contextual perspective encourages the examination of alcohol use and heavy drinking in relation to normative developmental tasks and transitions and in the context of students' changing lives, focusing on interindividual variation in the course and consequences of drinking and on a wide range of proximal and distal influences. Links between developmental transitions and alcohol use and other health risks are discussed in light of five conceptual models: Overload, Developmental Mismatch, Increased Heterogeneity, Transition Catalyst and Heightened Vulnerability to Chance Events. We review normative developmental transitions of adolescence and young adulthood, focusing on the domains of physical and cognitive development, identity, affiliation and achievement. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)

10.15288/jsas.2002.s14.54

Keywords:
alcohol use alcohol abuse adolescent development transition to adulthood social norms psychosocial factors risk factors Alcohol Drinking Patterns

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