Productive activities and aging well
Herzog, Anna R., and James S. House. 1991. "Productive activities and aging well." Generations, 15(1): 49-54.
Older Americans contribute to society's ability to age in several ways: through volunteer work, informal assistance to others, and paid work; through taking care of their own households and possessions; and through participating in activities that increase their health and well-being. Overall productive contributions are lower among older Americans than among their younger, particularly middle-aged counterparts. Some of this decrease is due to increased health problems among the aged, some to a cessation of age-related roles, and some to societal beliefs and norms about productive involvement or noninvolvement of the elderly. It is proposed that individual and societal aging could benefit from increased productive participation of the aged, but options that are flexible in quantity and format need to be available.