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Does Access to Family Planning Increase Children's Opportunities? Evidence from the War on Poverty and the Early Years of Title X

Publication Abstract

Bailey, Martha J., Olga Malkova, and Zoë M. McLaren. Online Access 2018. "Does Access to Family Planning Increase Children's Opportunities? Evidence from the War on Poverty and the Early Years of Title X." Journal of Human Resources.

This paper examines the relationship between parents' access to family planning and the economic resources of their children. Using the county-level introduction of U.S. family planning programs between 1964 and 1973, we find that children born after programs began had 2.8% higher household incomes. They were also 7% less likely to live in poverty and 12% less likely to live in households receiving public assistance. A bounding exercise suggests that the direct effects of family planning programs on parents' resources account for roughly two-thirds of these gains.

10.3368/jhr.55.1.1216-8401R1

Keywords:
J16 I3 J13 J18

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